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The initial finding that the p-methylaminophenol (6) exhibited antioxidant activity led us to investigate whether the length of alkyl chains linked to the aminophenol residue might affect antioxidative activity. Therefore, we synthesized p-butylaminophenol (5), p-hexylaminophenol (4), p-octylaminophenol (3), and p-methoxybenzylaminophenol (7). All(More)
Anthocyanins were isolated from orange-red flowers of Catharanthus roseus cv 'Equator Deep Apricot', and identified as rosinidin 3-O-[6-O-(alpha-rhamnopyranosyl)-beta-galactopyranoside] (1), and also 7-O-methylcyanidin 3-O-[6-O-(alpha-rhamnopyranosyl)-beta-galactopyranoside] (2) by chemical and spectroscopic methods. Pigment 1 was found to be a major(More)
Phytochemical investigation on the leaves of Labisia pumila (Myrsinaceae), an important medicinal herb in Malaysia, has led to the isolation of 1-O-methyl-6-acetoxy-5-(pentadec-10Z-enyl)resorcinol (1), labisiaquinone A (2) and labisiaquinone B (3). Along with these, 16 known compounds including 1-O-methyl-6-acetoxy-5-pentadecylresorcinol (4),(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the vasorelaxant effect induced by cassiarin A, a novel antiplasmodial alkaloid from Cassia siamea, in rings cut from rat superior mesenteric arteries. In rings precontracted with phenylephrine, cassiarin A induced a concentration-dependent relaxation. This relaxation was attenuated: 1) after removal of the(More)
Cassiarin A 1, a tricyclic alkaloid, isolated from the leaves of Cassia siamea (Leguminosae), shows powerful antimalarial activity against Plasmodium falciparum in vitro as well as P. berghei in vivo, which may be valuable leads for novel antimalarials. Interactions of parasitized red blood cells (pRBCs) with endothelium in aorta are especially important in(More)
Although a loss-of-function type mutation was identified in familial Parkinson's disease PARK7, the wild-type of DJ-1 is known to act as an oxidative stress sensor in neuronal cells. Recently, we found a DJ-1 modulator UCP0054278 by in silico virtual screening. In this study, we determined the neuroprotective effects of UCP0054278 against focal(More)
Seven acylated cyanidin 3-sambubioside-5-glucosides were isolated from the flowers of three garden plants in the Cruciferae. Specifically, four pigments were isolated from Lobularia maritima (L.) Desv., together with a known pigment, as well as, three pigments from Lunaria annua L., and two known pigments from Cheiranthus cheiri L. These pigments were(More)
As a theoretical standard for evaluating the high incidence of centric fusion in man and mouse, the relative probabilities of occurrence of reciprocal translocation (Tr), inversion (In) and centric fusion (Fu) were estimated based on the random-contact-and-exchange model. It was shown by this model that centric fusion was extremely rare (Fu = 0.0002, In =(More)
A new diacylated 8-C-glucosylanthocyanin was isolated from the purple flowers of Tricyrtis formosana 'Fujimusume' as one of the major anthocyanins along with four known pigments. The structure of this pigment was determined to be 8-C-(6-O-trans-sinapoyl)-beta-glucopyranosylcyanidin 3-O-(6-O-malonyl-beta-glucopyranoside) by chemical and spectroscopic(More)