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To explore the effect of mirror box therapy based on the mirror neuron (MN) system of the primary motor cortex (M1), we examined if direct (without a mirror) and indirect (with a mirror) observation of self-movement in healthy subjects induced changes in motor evoked potential (MEP) evoked by transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS). MEPs were elicited from(More)
Various studies have demonstrated an increase in heat shock protein 70 (HSP70) synthesis in the brain following transiently induced ischemia, suggesting a protective role for HSP70 against ischemic insult. In this study, we determined the time course of HSP70 mRNA and protein induction in rat hippocampus following ischemia using Pulsinelli's four-vessel(More)
BACKGROUND Intracranial mycotic aneurysms, although rare neurovascular pathology, represented a neurosurgical challenge that required careful stepwise decision making. Different approaches for their management were used. We present our experience with 4 patients treated in terms of indications and efficacy of different treatment modalities. METHODS Four(More)
We postulated that primary motor cortex (M1) activity does not just decrease immediately prior to voluntary muscle relaxation; rather, it is dynamic and acts as an active cortical process. Thus we investigated the detailed time course of M1 excitability changes during muscle relaxation. Ten healthy participants performed a simple reaction time task. After(More)
BACKGROUND Tentorial dural arteriovenous fistula (AVF) presented symptoms due to mass effect on the dilated draining vein. We report a patient presenting left hemisensory disturbance because of compression of the midbrain by a dilated draining vein of the AVF. The AVF has disappeared completely by drainer clipping after feeder embolization. CASE(More)
OBJECT The authors present a retrospective analysis of their experience in the treatment of vertebral artery (VA) dissecting aneurysms and propose a management strategy for such aneurysms, with special emphasis on the most formidable VA dissecting aneurysms, which involve the origin of the posterior inferior cerebellar artery (PICA). METHODS Since 1998,(More)
OBJECT To elucidate an optimal managenent strategy for unruptured paraclinoid aneurysms, the authors retrospectively reviewed their experience in the treatment of 100 patients who underwent 112 procedures for111 paraclinoid aneurysms performed using direct surgery and/or endovascular treatment. METHODS Between 1997 and 2002, 111 unruptured paraclinoid(More)
In the present study, we examined the electromyogram (EMG) patterns of the soleus and medial gastrocnemius (MG) muscles during rhythmical, two-legged hopping to investigate the contributions of the monosynaptic short- and long-latency stretch reflexes during such a natural movement in human. During rhythmical hopping, soleus muscle is activated reflexly at(More)
OBJECTIVES To compare the excitability of the motoneuron pools of both the spastic and the unimpaired sides of patients with hemiplegia with a new method by using H-reflexes and M responses. The method determines the ratio of the developmental slope of the H-reflex (Hslp) to the slope of the M response (Mslp). We also examined the relation between the(More)
Recently, many studies have demonstrated the induction of stress proteins in the mammalian nervous system under various pathological conditions. These altered genetic programs may function to protect individual cells against stressful conditions. However, little is known about the molecular mechanisms regulating these stress responses in animals. We report(More)