Learn More
FoxP3 is a key transcription factor for the development and function of natural CD4(+) regulatory T cells (Treg cells). Here we show that human FoxP3(+)CD4(+) T cells were composed of three phenotypically and functionally distinct subpopulations: CD45RA(+)FoxP3(lo) resting Treg cells (rTreg cells) and CD45RA(-)FoxP3(hi) activated Treg cells (aTreg cells),(More)
Although germline cells can form multipotential embryonic stem (ES)/embryonic germ (EG) cells, these cells can be derived only from embryonic tissues, and such multipotent cells have not been available from neonatal gonads. Here we report the successful establishment of ES-like cells from neonatal mouse testis. These ES-like cells were phenotypically(More)
To establish a more appropriate animal recipient for xenotransplantation, NOD/SCID/gamma(c)(null) mice double homozygous for the severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) mutation and interleukin-2Rgamma (IL-2Rgamma) allelic mutation (gamma(c)(null)) were generated by 8 backcross matings of C57BL/6J-gamma(c)(null) mice and NOD/Shi-scid mice. When human CD34+(More)
Embryonic stem (ES) cells can be maintained in an undifferentiated state in the presence of leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF). LIF acts through a receptor complex composed of a low affinity LIF receptor (LIFRbeta) and gp130. We reported that the intracellular domain of gp130 plays an important role in self-renewal of ES cells. In the present study, we(More)
Early-onset sarcoidosis (EOS) and inheritable Blau syndrome (BS) share characteristic clinical features of juvenile-onset systemic granulomatosis syndrome that mainly affects skin, joints, and eyes. However, no direct evidence has been shown for the possible common origin of these 2 diseases. Recent discovery of CARD15 mutations in BS families encouraged us(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate whether stem (progenitor) cells are found in human endometrial side population cells. DESIGN Experimental laboratory study. SETTING University-based laboratory in Japan. PATIENT(S) Normal endometrial tissue samples from 42 patients. INTERVENTION(S) Side population cell analysis and staining were performed by using Hoechst(More)
To determine the prevalence and clinical characteristics of patients with in Japan, we conducted a nationwide survey of primary immunodeficiency disease (PID) patients for the first time in 30 years. Questionnaires were sent to 1,224 pediatric departments and 1,670 internal medicine departments of Japanese hospitals. A total of 1,240 patients were(More)
Induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells, which are a type of pluripotent stem cell generated from reprogrammed somatic cells, are expected to have potential for patient-oriented disease investigation, drug screening, toxicity tests, and transplantation therapies. Here, we demonstrated that murine iPS cells have the potential to develop in vitro into skeletal(More)
Differentiation of embryonic stem (ES) cells into cardiac myocytes requires activation of a cardiac-specific gene program. Histone acetyltransferases (HATs) and histone deacetylases (HDACs) govern gene expression patterns by being recruited to target genes through association with specific transcription factors. One of the HATs, p300, serves as a(More)
OBJECTIVE Blau syndrome and its sporadic counterpart, early-onset sarcoidosis (EOS), share a phenotype featuring the symptom triad of skin rash, arthritis, and uveitis. This systemic inflammatory granulomatosis is associated with mutations in the NOD2 gene. The aim of this study was to describe the clinical manifestations of Blau syndrome/EOS in Japanese(More)