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We investigated expression profiles of microRNA (miRNA) in gastric carcinomas by use of a miRNA microarray platform covering a total of 470 human miRNAs. We identified 39 differentially expressed miRNAs in gastric carcinoma, of which six were significantly downregulated and the other 33 were upregulated. We found that miRNA-375 (miR-375) was the most(More)
GOALS To determine the susceptibility of Helicobacter pylori strains isolated from a Vietnamese population to 5 antibiotics. BACKGROUND The incidence of antibiotic resistance in H. pylori infection is increasing worldwide and has become a leading cause for failure of treatment. Antibiotic susceptibility testing is very important to provide optimal(More)
The incidence of gastric cancer in Okinawa is lowest in Japan. Some previous reports using small number of strains suggested that the high prevalence of Helicobacter pylori with Western-type cagA in Okinawa compared to other areas in Japan might contribute to the low incidence of gastric cancer. It has still not been confirmed why the prevalence of(More)
BACKGROUND The (13)C-urea breath test (UBT) is a simple breath test for the diagnosis of Helicobacter pylori infection, but several factors have been reported to affect the results of this test. In this study, the effects of the antiulcer drugs used in Japan on the results of UBT were determined. METHODS The subjects of the study were 64 adult volunteers(More)
Surveillance of Helicobacter pylori antimicrobial susceptibility reflecting the general population in Japan is limited. The antimicrobial susceptibilities of 3,707 H. pylori strains isolated from gastric mucosa samples of previously untreated patients diagnosed with gastroduodenal diseases at 36 medical facilities located throughout Japan between October(More)
BACKGROUND The rate of H. pylori infection in Vietnam is reportedly high, but the spectrum of H. pylori-associated gastroduodenal diseases has not been systematically investigated. Moreover, despite the similarities of ethnicity and diet, the age-standardized incidence rate of gastric cancer in the northern city of Hanoi is higher than that in the southern(More)
OBJECTIVE We conducted an empirical study to clarify how psychosocial factors (e.g. body image and sexuality) influence therapeutic decision-making and to identify the factors that affect post-operative mood states in Japanese women who underwent various types of surgery. METHODS One hundred and two patients who had undergone surgical treatment for breast(More)
Gangliocytic paragangliomas are exceedingly rare tumors that arise in close proximity to the papilla of Vater. There are few reports of the endoscopic resection of duodenal gangliocytic paraganglioma. A 61-year-old woman was admitted with a complaint of melena. Endoscopic examination revealed a pedunculated submucosal tumor with erosion in the third portion(More)
BACKGROUND To evaluate histopathological changes and effects on inhibition of ulcer recurrence, a follow-up survey was performed in Japanese patients with Helicobacter pylori-positive active peptic ulcers. These patients had previously participated in a large-scale multicenter trial of triple therapy with lansoprazole (LPZ)/amoxicillin (AMPC)/clarithromycin(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM Most clarithromycin-resistant strains of Helicobacter pylori have a mutation from adenine (A) to guanine (G) at position 2142 or 2143 of the 23S rRNA gene. Our aim in this study was to develop a polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based assay that could determine these mutations in a single reaction tube. METHODS We designed the forward(More)