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In the G-protein-coupled receptor superfamily, the opioid receptor subfamily is constituted of the three distinct opioid receptors (namely delta-, mu- and kappa-subtypes) and the receptor for nociceptin (also designated orphaninFQ). The members of the opioid receptor subfamily were known to mediate a variety of cellular inhibitory effects. The three opioid(More)
The effects of a new tachykinin NK(1) receptor antagonist, (aR, 9R)-7-[3,5-bis(trifluoromethyl)benzyl]-8,9,10, 11-tetrahydro-9-methyl-5-(4-methylphenyl)-7H-[1,4]diazocino[2,1-g] [1, 7]naphthyridine-6,13-dione (TAK-637), on the micturition reflex were compared with those of drugs used for abnormally frequent micturition or incontinence. TAK-637 showed a(More)
Vascular complications arising from multiple environmental and genetic factors are responsible for many of the disabilities and short life expectancy associated with diabetes mellitus. Here we provide the first direct in vivo evidence that interactions between advanced glycation end products (AGEs; nonenzymatically glycosylated protein derivatives formed(More)
Macrophage type-I and type-II class-A scavenger receptors (MSR-A) are implicated in the pathological deposition of cholesterol during atherogenesis as a result of receptor-mediated uptake of modified low-density lipoproteins (mLDL). MSR-A can bind an extraordinarily wide range of ligands, including bacterial pathogens, and also mediates cation-independent(More)
The Rho small G protein family members regulate various actin cytoskeleton-dependent cell functions. The Rho GDI (GDP dissociation inhibitor) family, consisting of Rho GDIalpha, -beta, and -gamma, is a regulator that keeps the Rho family members in the cytosol as the GDP-bound inactive form and translocates the GDP-bound form from the membranes to the(More)
The aims of this phase I/II study of docetaxel and S-1 were to determine the dose-limiting toxicity (DLT), maximum-tolerated dose (MTD), and recommended dose (RD) in the phase I part and to explore the tumour response, survival and safety in the phase II part. Patients with histologically- or cytologically confirmed unresectable or recurrent gastric cancer(More)
Circulating vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) was measured in gastric and colorectal cancer patients using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Firstly, serum and plasma samples were collected from 20 normal controls to compare the values of VEGF and to determine which specimen type was most suitable for detecting circulating VEGF.(More)
We have developed a highly sensitive method for detecting prostate cancer cells using reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) with primers specific for prostate-specific antigen gene. Forty-four lymph nodes obtained from 22 patients with prostate cancers were analyzed by RT-PCR to detect metastatic prostate cancer cells. RT-PCR could detect(More)
Macrophage scavenger receptor is a trimerized membrane protein that binds ligands and undergoes internalization by endocytosis. The receptor releases the ligands in the endosome, and then is recycled. The mechanisms of the ligand release and the recycling of the receptor have not been clearly determined. We analyzed the structure of the alpha-helical coiled(More)
Extracellularly applied acetylcholine (ACh) induced outward currents in isolated outer hair cells of a guinea-pig cochlea. The ACh induced current was carried by K+ ions. The current amplitude was ACh dose dependent with a KD of 12 microM. The ACh induced outward current was reversibly blocked by extracellularly applied atropine (1 microM), d-tubocurarine(More)