Learn More
In the G-protein-coupled receptor superfamily, the opioid receptor subfamily is constituted of the three distinct opioid receptors (namely delta-, mu- and kappa-subtypes) and the receptor for nociceptin (also designated orphaninFQ). The members of the opioid receptor subfamily were known to mediate a variety of cellular inhibitory effects. The three opioid(More)
Macrophage type-I and type-II class-A scavenger receptors (MSR-A) are implicated in the pathological deposition of cholesterol during atherogenesis as a result of receptor-mediated uptake of modified low-density lipoproteins (mLDL). MSR-A can bind an extraordinarily wide range of ligands, including bacterial pathogens, and also mediates cation-independent(More)
Extracellularly applied acetylcholine (ACh) induced outward currents in isolated outer hair cells of a guinea-pig cochlea. The ACh induced current was carried by K+ ions. The current amplitude was ACh dose dependent with a KD of 12 microM. The ACh induced outward current was reversibly blocked by extracellularly applied atropine (1 microM), d-tubocurarine(More)
Vascular complications arising from multiple environmental and genetic factors are responsible for many of the disabilities and short life expectancy associated with diabetes mellitus. Here we provide the first direct in vivo evidence that interactions between advanced glycation end products (AGEs; nonenzymatically glycosylated protein derivatives formed(More)
The aims of this phase I/II study of docetaxel and S-1 were to determine the dose-limiting toxicity (DLT), maximum-tolerated dose (MTD), and recommended dose (RD) in the phase I part and to explore the tumour response, survival and safety in the phase II part. Patients with histologically- or cytologically confirmed unresectable or recurrent gastric cancer(More)
We have developed a highly sensitive method for detecting prostate cancer cells using reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) with primers specific for prostate-specific antigen gene. Forty-four lymph nodes obtained from 22 patients with prostate cancers were analyzed by RT-PCR to detect metastatic prostate cancer cells. RT-PCR could detect(More)
Macrophage scavenger receptors mediate the recognition of a wide range of negatively charged macromolecules including modified low density lipoproteins (LDL). Truncated bovine receptors lacking residues 330-342, which include the conserved lysine cluster of a collagen-like domain, were unable to degrade modified LDL in spite of their expression on the cell(More)
The effects of a new tachykinin NK(1) receptor antagonist, (aR, 9R)-7-[3,5-bis(trifluoromethyl)benzyl]-8,9,10, 11-tetrahydro-9-methyl-5-(4-methylphenyl)-7H-[1,4]diazocino[2,1-g] [1, 7]naphthyridine-6,13-dione (TAK-637), on the micturition reflex were compared with those of drugs used for abnormally frequent micturition or incontinence. TAK-637 showed a(More)
The glomeruli of mice transgenic for bovine growth hormone (GH mice) were disproportionately enlarged as a function of either kidney or body weight. Glomerular size correlated with mesangial sclerosis and the urine albumin/creatinine ratio. The glomerular lesions consisted of mesangial proliferation (4 to 5 weeks) followed by progressive mesangial sclerosis(More)
Rat platelets secrete two types of phospholipases upon stimulation; one is type II phospholipase A2 and the other is serine-phospholipid-selective phospholipase A. In the current study we purified serine-phospholipid-selective phospholipase A and cloned its cDNA. The final preparation, purified from extracellular medium of activated rat platelets, gave a(More)