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To improve the clinical outcome of patients who suffered ischemic stroke, cerebral ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury is one of the major concerns that should be conquered. Inflammatory reactions are considered a major contributor to brain injury following cerebral ischemia, and I/R exacerbates these reactions. The aim of this study was to investigate the(More)
BACKGROUND Although the efficacy of antiplatelet therapy for coiling of unruptured cerebral aneurysms has been reported, regimens for this therapy are not yet well established. The aim of this retrospective study was to analyze correlations among the modes of antiplatelet use, aneurysmal configuration, coiling methods, and complications to elucidate the(More)
Diabetes is a crucial risk factor for stroke and is associated with increased frequency and poor prognosis. Although endothelial dysfunction is a known contributor of stroke, the underlying mechanisms have not been elucidated. The aim of this study was to elucidate the mechanism by which chronic hyperglycemia may contribute to the worsened prognosis(More)
Oxidative stress plays a critical role in mediating tissue injury and neuron death during ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI). The Keap1-Nrf2 defense pathway serves as a master regulator of endogenous antioxidant defense, and Nrf2 has been attracting attention as a target for the treatment of IRI. In this study, we evaluated Nrf2 expression in IRI using OKD(More)
Accumulating evidence shows that post-ischemic inflammation originated by Toll-like receptors (TLR) plays critical roles in ischemic stroke. However, the functions of other innate immune receptors are poorly understood in cerebral ischemia. Macrophage-inducible C-type lectin, Mincle, is one of the innate immune receptor C-type lectin-like receptor (CLR) to(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Oxidative stress has been reported to be a main cause of neuronal cell death in ischemia reperfusion injury (IRI). Nuclear factor-erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) is an important factor involved in anti-oxidative responses. We previously reported that bardoxolone methyl (BARD), an Nrf2 activator, prevented damage induced by IRI. In(More)
BACKGROUND Mechanical thrombectomy is an effective revascularization therapy for acute intracranial large vessel occlusion. We retrospectively evaluated magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) follow-up data to assess the long-term patency of recanalized vessels after mechanical thrombectomy. METHODS We retrospectively reviewed medical records of consecutive(More)
Intracranial hemorrhage remains a devastating disease. Among antiplatelet drugs, cilostazol, a phosphodiesterase 3 inhibitor, was recently reported to prevent secondary hemorrhagic stroke in patients in a clinical trial. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether pre-treatment with cilostazol could decrease the intracranial hemorrhage volume and examine(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of the present study was to evaluate whether early neurologic improvement (within 30 minutes), as measured using the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score, predicts favorable outcome at 90 days. METHODS Consecutive acute ischemic stroke patients treated with intravenous recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (i.v.(More)
No previous study has investigated the relationship between intravenous tissue plasminogen activator (IV t-PA) and intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) according to the location of vessel occlusion. The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationship between preprocedural IV t-PA and endovascular treatment (EVT) and ICH according to the location of(More)