Toshinori Takagi

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To improve the clinical outcome of patients who suffered ischemic stroke, cerebral ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury is one of the major concerns that should be conquered. Inflammatory reactions are considered a major contributor to brain injury following cerebral ischemia, and I/R exacerbates these reactions. The aim of this study was to investigate the(More)
Oxidative stress plays a critical role in mediating tissue injury and neuron death during ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI). The Keap1-Nrf2 defense pathway serves as a master regulator of endogenous antioxidant defense, and Nrf2 has been attracting attention as a target for the treatment of IRI. In this study, we evaluated Nrf2 expression in IRI using OKD(More)
BACKGROUND Although the efficacy of antiplatelet therapy for coiling of unruptured cerebral aneurysms has been reported, regimens for this therapy are not yet well established. The aim of this retrospective study was to analyze correlations among the modes of antiplatelet use, aneurysmal configuration, coiling methods, and complications to elucidate the(More)
Diabetes is a crucial risk factor for stroke and is associated with increased frequency and poor prognosis. Although endothelial dysfunction is a known contributor of stroke, the underlying mechanisms have not been elucidated. The aim of this study was to elucidate the mechanism by which chronic hyperglycemia may contribute to the worsened prognosis(More)
Intracranial hemorrhage remains a devastating disease. Among antiplatelet drugs, cilostazol, a phosphodiesterase 3 inhibitor, was recently reported to prevent secondary hemorrhagic stroke in patients in a clinical trial. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether pre-treatment with cilostazol could decrease the intracranial hemorrhage volume and examine(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Oxidative stress has been reported to be a main cause of neuronal cell death in ischemia reperfusion injury (IRI). Nuclear factor-erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) is an important factor involved in anti-oxidative responses. We previously reported that bardoxolone methyl (BARD), an Nrf2 activator, prevented damage induced by IRI. In(More)
Accumulating evidence shows that post-ischemic inflammation originated by Toll-like receptors (TLR) plays critical roles in ischemic stroke. However, the functions of other innate immune receptors are poorly understood in cerebral ischemia. Macrophage-inducible C-type lectin, Mincle, is one of the innate immune receptor C-type lectin-like receptor (CLR) to(More)
Recanalization of occluded vessels leads to ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI), with oxidative stress as one of the main causes of injury, despite the fact that recanalization therapy is the most effective treatment for ischemic stroke. The nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) is one of the transcription factors which has an essential role in(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate delayed stenosis of the vessels after endovascular thrombectomy using magnetic resonance (MR) angiography. MATERIALS AND METHODS Of 82 consecutive patients who underwent successful endovascular treatment for acute intracranial large vessel occlusion between October 2010 and October 2014 at a single institution, 57 patients for whom(More)
BACKGROUND Mechanical thrombectomy is an effective revascularization therapy for acute intracranial large vessel occlusion. We retrospectively evaluated magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) follow-up data to assess the long-term patency of recanalized vessels after mechanical thrombectomy. METHODS We retrospectively reviewed medical records of consecutive(More)