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The Protein Data Bank is a computer-based archival file for macromolecular structures. The Bank stores in a uniform format atomic co-ordinates and partial bond connectivities, as derived from crystallographic studies. Text included in each data entry gives pertinent information for the structure at hand (e.g. species from which the molecule has been(More)
The doublet at 850 and 830 cm-1 in the Raman spectra of proteins containing tyrosyl residues has been examined as to its origin and the relation of its components to the environment of the phenyl ring, the state of the phenolic hydroxyl group, and the conformation of the amino acid backbone. Raman spectral studies on numerous model molecules related to(More)
In this study, we investigated the dynamics of a membrane interface of liposomes prepared by eight zwitterionic phosphatidylcholines in terms of their headgroup mobility, with spectroscopic methods such as dielectric dispersion analysis (DDA), fluorescence spectroscopy. The DDA measurement is based on the response of the permanent dipole moment to a driving(More)
We have focused on the interaction between the Span 80 vesicle and phospholipid vesicle (liposome). The Span 80 vesicle was mixed with a phospholipid vesicle (liposome), used as a simplified model of plasma membrane. From calcein leakage experiments, it was revealed that the interaction between the Span 80 vesicles and the liposomes could perturb the(More)
A biological membrane is the front line of defense for cells against various environmental stresses such as heat and reactive oxygen species (ROS) and is expected to play an important role in the antioxidant system with antioxidant enzymes, similarly to its chaperone-like function in cooperation with heat shock proteins. The oxidative stress response of(More)
Immobilization of model cell membranes (liposomes) on sensing devices is useful for the detection, evaluation, and analysis of interaction between cell membranes and proteins or other biological materials. The method to immobilize the liposomes on the solid surface was investigated by using the quartz crystal microbalance (QCM) method, focusing on the(More)
Small unilamellar liposomes were utilized as a kind of aqueous two-phase system and artificial chaperone which specifically recognize protein conformation with fluctuated structure. Liposomes showed highly selective binding ability to conformationally changed proteins treated with various concentrations of guanidinium hydrochloride, as evaluated by(More)
The transfer of 22-NBD-cholesterol (22-(N-(7-Nitrobenz-2-oxa-1,3-diazol-4-yl)amino)-23,24-bisnor-5-cholen-3-ol) between two liposome membranes was quantitatively analyzed by using the fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) method. Liposomes labeled with both 22-NBD-cholesterol and a rhodamine-labeled phosphatidylethanolamine (Rh-DHPE) were used as(More)
The permeation of calcein across the phospholipid bilayer membrane is a key phenomenon in the detection system using liposomes as a sensor unit. The behavior of the calcein release from the liposome was analyzed by a first-order kinetic to obtain the permeability coefficient, Ps [cm/s]. The Ps value for the neutral liposome, prepared by zwitterionic(More)
A possible role of a model biomembrane, liposome, in gene expression was investigated by using the cell-free translation system. A reporter protein, green fluorescence protein (GFP), was expressed in vitro with and without liposome prepared with 1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl- sn-glycero-3-phosphatidyl chorine (POPC) and cholesterol (Ch) (5.7 mM lipid concentration).(More)