Toshinori Shimanouchi

Learn More
The Protein Data Bank is a computer-based archival file for macromolecular structures. The Bank stores in a uniform format atomic co-ordinates and partial bond connectivities, as derived from crystallographic studies. Text included in each data entry gives pertinent information for the structure at hand (e.g. species from which the molecule has been(More)
The doublet at 850 and 830 cm-1 in the Raman spectra of proteins containing tyrosyl residues has been examined as to its origin and the relation of its components to the environment of the phenyl ring, the state of the phenolic hydroxyl group, and the conformation of the amino acid backbone. Raman spectral studies on numerous model molecules related to(More)
In this study, we investigated the dynamics of a membrane interface of liposomes prepared by eight zwitterionic phosphatidylcholines in terms of their headgroup mobility, with spectroscopic methods such as dielectric dispersion analysis (DDA), fluorescence spectroscopy. The DDA measurement is based on the response of the permanent dipole moment to a driving(More)
Fatty acids (FAs) are known to form vesicle structures, depending on the surrounding pH conditions. In this study, we prepared vesicles by mixing FAs and a cationic surfactant, and then investigated their physicochemical properties using fluorescence spectroscopy and dielectric dispersion analysis (DDA). The assemblies formed from oleic acid (OA) and(More)
The role of the charged liposome on the in vitro expression of green fluorescent protein (GFP) was investigated, focusing on its elemental steps such as transcription, translation and folding. The total GFP expression was enhanced to 145% when a neutral liposome (POPC: 1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocoline) was added externally to a cell-free(More)
Arsenate is one of the most poisonous elements for living cells. When cells are exposed to arsenate, their life activities are immediately affected by various biochemical reactions, such as the binding of arsenic to membranes and the substitution of arsenic for phosphate or the choline head of phospholipids in the biological membranes. The effects of(More)
A biological membrane is the front line of defense for cells against various environmental stresses such as heat and reactive oxygen species (ROS) and is expected to play an important role in the antioxidant system with antioxidant enzymes, similarly to its chaperone-like function in cooperation with heat shock proteins. The oxidative stress response of(More)
The permeation of calcein across the phospholipid bilayer membrane is a key phenomenon in the detection system using liposomes as a sensor unit. The behavior of the calcein release from the liposome was analyzed by a first-order kinetic to obtain the permeability coefficient, Ps [cm/s]. The Ps value for the neutral liposome, prepared by zwitterionic(More)
The effective production and secretion of chitosanase from S. griseus cells, in the presence of hydrogen peroxide, were studied by the treatment of the cells with 1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphatidylcholine (POPC) liposomes under heat condition. The variation of the conformation and activity of the chitosanase caused by the interaction of(More)