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Hyaluronic acid (HA), a natural anionic mucopolysaccharide, can be deposited onto the cationic surface of DNA/polyethyleneimine (PEI) complexes to recharge the surface potential and reduce nonspecific interactions with proteins. HA can also be used as a ligand to target specific cell receptors. Furthermore, HA-coating enhanced the transcriptional activity(More)
The effects of trivalent metal ions such as lanthanoid (La , Ce, Nd , Sm , Gd , Er , Yb , Lu ) and Al ions on the morphological change and proliferation of B16 melanoma cells in culture are discussed. These metal ions induced morphological transformations and decreased growth rates at doses of 1 mM. B16 melanoma cells treated with La , Ce , Nd , Sm , and Gd(More)
Mouse FBJ virus-induced osteosarcoma FBJ-S1 cells rich in GD1a are not readily metastatic, whereas FBJ-LL cells with low levels of GD1a are highly metastatic. GD1a was previously shown to suppress metastasis of mouse FBJ cells and to upregulate caveolin-1 and stromal interaction molecule 1 expression. The present study demonstrates that matrix(More)
Chitosan is a useful nonviral vector for gene delivery. To make a pDNA/chitosan complex specific to hepatocytes, lactose-modified chitosan (lac-chitosan) was synthesized. When the percentage of lactose residues substituted was 8%, lac-chitosan showed excellent DNA-binding ability, good protection of DNA from nuclease, and the suppression of self-aggregation(More)
Chitosan is a biodegradable and biocompatible polymer and is useful as a non-viral vector for gene delivery. In order to deliver pDNA/chitosan complex into macrophages expressing a mannose receptor, mannose-modified chitosan (man-chitosan) was employed. The cellular uptake of pDNA/man-chitosan complexes through mannose recognition was then observed. The(More)
Syntheses of oligosaccharides expressed on cells are indispensable for the improvement of the functional analyses of the oligosaccharides and their applications. We are developing saccharide primers for synthesizing oligosaccharides using living cells. In this study, dodecyl 2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranoside (GlcNAc-C12) and dodecyl(More)
The deposition of amyloid beta-protein (Abeta) is an invariable feature of Alzheimer's disease (AD); however, the biological mechanism underlying Abeta assembly into fibrils in the brain remains unclear. Here, we show that a high-density cluster of GM1 ganglioside (GM1), which was detected by the specific binding of a novel peptide (p3), appeared(More)
BACKGROUND Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) is a mesenchyme-derived, multifunctional protein that is implicated in tumor growth and invasive behavior. Some tumor cells express both HGF and its receptor MET, forming an autocrine loop that permanently activates it. Ganglioside GD1a suppresses metastatic capacity in murine FBJ osteosarcoma cells and MET(More)
Using dodecyl N-acetylglucosaminide (GlcNAc-C12) as a saccharide primer, we investigated the biosynthetic changes of neolacto-series glycosphingolipids (GSLs) in mouse embryonal carcinoma F9 cells during differentiation induced by retinoic acid plus dibutyryl cyclic AMP (RA/dbcAMP). In the differentiated cells, the glycosylation of GlcNAc-C12 was greatly(More)
GD1a was previously shown responsible for regulating cell motility, cellular adhesiveness to vitronectin, phosphorylation of c-Met and metastatic ability of mouse FBJ osteosarcoma cells. To determine the particular molecules regulated by GD1a, FBJ cells were assessed for tumor-related gene expression by semi-quantitative RT-PCR. Caveolin-1 and stromal(More)