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Nitric oxide (NO) plays a pivotal role in tumorigenesis, particularly with relation to cancer cell invasion and metastasis. NO can reversibly couple to cysteine thiols to form an S-nitrosothiol, which regulates the enzymatic activities of target proteins. c-Src is a tyrosine kinase that promotes cancer cell invasion and metastasis. Interestingly, c-Src can(More)
Polo-like kinase 1 (PLK1) is a widely conserved serine/threonine kinase that regulates progression of multiple stages of mitosis. Although extensive studies about PLK1 functions during cell division have been performed, it is still not known how PLK1 regulates myosin II activation at the equatorial cortex and ingression of the cleavage furrow. In this(More)
Cytokinesis is initiated by constriction of the cleavage furrow and terminated by abscission of the intercellular bridge that connects two separating daughter cells. The complicated processes of cytokinesis are coordinated by phosphorylation and dephosphorylation mediated by protein kinases and phosphatases. Mammalian Misshapen-like kinase 1 (MINK1) is a(More)
Cells attach to the extracellular matrix (ECM) through integrins to form focal adhesion complexes, and this process is followed by the extension of lamellipodia to enable cell spreading. PINCH-1, an adaptor protein essential for the regulation of cell-ECM adhesion, consists of five tandem LIM domains and a small C-terminal region. PINCH-1 is known to(More)
Human papillomaviruses (HPV) are the main etiological factor for cervical carcinoma. HPV-16 is the most prevalent high-risk HPV-genotype found in HPV-associated cancers. We studied the effect of HPV-16 E7 oncoprotein on cadherin-mediated cell adhesion. The expression of E7 strongly suppressed the cadherin-mediated cell adhesion in the rat fibroblast cell(More)
Rho GTPases are molecular switches that transmit biochemical signals in response to extracellular stimuli to elicit changes in the actin cytoskeleton. Rho GTPases cycle between an active, GTP-bound state and an inactive, GDP-bound state. These states are regulated by two distinct families of proteins-guanine nucleotide exchange factors and GTPase-activating(More)
Special AT-rich sequence-binding protein 1 and 2 (SATB1/2) are nuclear matrix-associated proteins involved in chromatin remodeling and regulation of gene expression. SATB2 acts as a tumor suppressor in laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma and colon cancer, whereas SATB1 promotes the progression of numerous types of cancers. In this study, we examined the(More)
Gap junctional communication, which is mediated by the connexin protein family, is essential for the maintenance of normal tissue function and homeostasis. Loss of intercellular communication results in a failure to coordinately regulate cellular functions, and it can facilitate tumorigenesis. Expression of oncogenes and stimulation with cytokines has been(More)
Ovarian cancer is a highly invasive and metastatic disease with a poor prognosis if diagnosed at an advanced stage, which is often the case. Recent studies argue that ovarian cancer cells that have undergone epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) acquire aggressive malignant properties, but the relevant molecular mechanisms in this setting are not(More)
Cancer is a leading cause of death of men and women worldwide. Tumor cell motility contributes to metastatic invasion that causes the vast majority of cancer deaths. Extracellular receptors modified by α2,3-sialic acids that promote this motility can serve as ideal chemotherapeutic targets. For example, the extracellular domain of the mucin receptor(More)