Toshinori Hyodo

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Rho GTPases are molecular switches that transmit biochemical signals in response to extracellular stimuli to elicit changes in the actin cytoskeleton. Rho GTPases cycle between an active, GTP-bound state and an inactive, GDP-bound state. These states are regulated by two distinct families of proteins-guanine nucleotide exchange factors and GTPase-activating(More)
Ovarian cancer is a highly invasive and metastatic disease with a poor prognosis if diagnosed at an advanced stage, which is often the case. Recent studies argue that ovarian cancer cells that have undergone epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) acquire aggressive malignant properties, but the relevant molecular mechanisms in this setting are not(More)
Cancer is a leading cause of death of men and women worldwide. Tumor cell motility contributes to metastatic invasion that causes the vast majority of cancer deaths. Extracellular receptors modified by α2,3-sialic acids that promote this motility can serve as ideal chemotherapeutic targets. For example, the extracellular domain of the mucin receptor(More)
Cells attach to the extracellular matrix (ECM) through integrins to form focal adhesion complexes, and this process is followed by the extension of lamellipodia to enable cell spreading. PINCH-1, an adaptor protein essential for the regulation of cell-ECM adhesion, consists of five tandem LIM domains and a small C-terminal region. PINCH-1 is known to(More)
Phosphorylation of actin-binding proteins plays a pivotal role in the remodeling of the actin cytoskeleton to regulate cell migration. Palladin is an actin-binding protein that is phosphorylated by growth factor stimulation; however, the identity of the involved protein kinases remains elusive. In this study, we report that palladin is a novel substrate of(More)
Ubiquitination is essential for various biological processes, such as signal transduction, intracellular trafficking, and protein degradation. Accumulating evidence has demonstrated that ubiquitination plays a crucial role in cancer development. In this report, we examine the expression and function of ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme E2S (UBE2S) in breast(More)
Protein arginine methylation, which is mediated by a family of protein arginine methyltransferases (PRMTs), is associated with numerous fundamental cellular processes. Accumulating studies have revealed that the expression of multiple PRMTs promotes cancer progression. In this study, we examined the role of PRMT1 in ovarian cancer cells. PRMT1 is expressed(More)
The striatin family of proteins, comprising STRN, STRN3 and STRN4, are multidomain-containing proteins that associate with additional proteins to form a large protein complex. We previously reported that STRN4 directly associated with protein kinases, such as MINK1, TNIK and MAP4K4, which are associated with tumor suppression or tumor progression. However,(More)
RNA splicing is a fundamental process for protein synthesis. Recent studies have reported that drugs that inhibit splicing have cytotoxic effects on various tumor cell lines. In this report, we demonstrate that depletion of SNW1, a component of the spliceosome, induces apoptosis in breast cancer cells. Proteomics and biochemical analyses revealed that SNW1(More)