Toshinori Horiuchi

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STUDY DESIGN A prospective, randomized laboratory investigation. OBJECTIVE To investigate whether administration of minocycline attenuates hind-limb motor dysfunction and gray and white matter injury after spinal cord ischemia. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA Minocycline, a semisynthetic tetracycline antibiotic, has been shown to have neuroprotective effects(More)
It has been reported that delta opioid agonists can have neuroprotective efficacy in the central nervous system. This study was conducted to test the hypothesis that a delta opioid receptor (DOR) agonist, [D-Ala2, D-Leu5] enkephalin (DADLE), can improve neuron survival against experimental forebrain ischemia in rats. Using male rats (n=125), intraperitoneal(More)
Recent investigation suggested neuroprotective efficacy of a delta-opioid agonist in the brain. We investigated the effects of intrathecal treatment with a delta-opioid agonist (SNC80) on spinal cord ischemia (SCI) in rats. SCI was induced with an intraaortic balloon catheter. The animals were randomly allocated to one of the following five groups: 1) SNC80(More)
PURPOSE Although the delta-opioid agonist SNC80 has been shown to attenuate hind-limb motor function and gray matter injury in normothermic rats subjected to spinal cord ischemia (SCI), its effects on white matter injury remain undetermined. In the present study, we investigated whether SNC80 could attenuate white matter injury in normothermic and mildly(More)
Sevoflurane and propofol have been widely used as anesthetic agents for neurosurgery. Recent evidence has suggested that the influence of these anesthetics on cerebral oxygenation may differ. In the present study, the authors investigated jugular bulb oxygen saturation (SjO2) during propofol and sevoflurane/nitrous oxide anesthesia under mildly hypothermic(More)
BACKGROUND Neuromuscular blockade can suppress myogenic motor evoked potentials (MEPs). The authors hypothesized that tetanic stimulation (TS) of the peripheral nerve before transcranial stimulation may enhance myogenic MEPs during neuromuscular blockade. In the current study, the authors evaluated MEP augmentations by TS at different levels of duration,(More)
Recent evidence suggests that brain injury caused by ischemia is a dynamic process characterized by ongoing neuronal loss for at least 14 days after ischemia. However, long-term outcome following spinal cord ischemia has not been extensively examined. Therefore, we investigated the changes of hind limb motor function and neuronal injury during a 14-day(More)
BACKGROUND Patient movement in response to transcranial stimulation during monitoring of myogenic motor-evoked potentials (MEPs) may interfere with surgery. We recently reported a new technique to augment the amplitudes of myogenic MEPs, called "post-tetanic MEPs (p-MEPs)," in which tetanic stimulation of a peripheral nerve was applied prior to transcranial(More)
We quantitatively assessed both gray and white matter injury after spinal cord ischemia in rats, and the relationship between the magnitude of gray and white matter injury was determined. Twenty-five male rats were anesthetized with isoflurane, and spinal cord ischemia (SCI) was induced by balloon intraaortic occlusion combined with hypotension. The animals(More)