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Sphingosine, a metabolite of membrane sphingolipids, regulates proliferation of quiescent Swiss 3T3 fibroblasts (Zhang, H., N. E. Buckley, K. Gibson. and S. Spiegel. 1990. J. Biol. Chem. 265:76-81). The present study provides new insights into the formation and function of a unique phospholipid, a metabolite of sphingosine, which was unequivocally(More)
The mRNA encoding the cloned substance K receptor was microinjected into Xenopus laevis oocytes. After expression of the mRNA, Ca2+ was imaged in the oocytes with a digital imaging fluorescence microscopy system using the Ca2(+)-sensitive dyes fura-2 and fluo-3. Application of substance K caused a dose-related wave of Ca2+ mobilization to spread from a(More)
Sphingosylphosphorylcholine (SPC), or lysophingomyelin, a wide-spectrum growth promoting agent for a variety of cell types (Desai, N. N., and S. Spiegel. 1991. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Comm. 181: 361-366), stimulates cellular proliferation of quiescent Swiss 3T3 fibroblasts to a greater extent than other known growth factors or than the structurally related(More)
The serum concentration of transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) is elevated as tumors progress in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients. In this study, we examined whether modulation of tumor-derived TGF-beta signal transduction contributes to malignant progression. We investigated the production of TGF-beta1, the biological effects of TGF-beta and(More)
We investigated the molecular basis of the discrimination between nociceptin/orphanin FQ receptor (NociR) and opioid receptors (OPRs) by bremazocine, a non-type-selective opioid ligand. Construction of several chimeric receptors between NociR and kappa-opioid receptor (KOPR) and mutant NociRs followed by binding experiments with [3H]bremazocine showed that(More)
Angiotensin II (AngII) is coupled to several important intracellular signaling pathways, and increases intracellular Ca2+. In vascular smooth muscle (VSM) cells, AngII is known to activate enzymes such as tyrosine protein kinase (Tyr-PK), phospholipase C (PLC), protein kinase C (PKC), and phophatidylinositol-3-kinase (PI-3-K). A non-receptor Tyr-PK,(More)
Many colorectal cancer cells are resistant to the anti-proliferative effects of transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta). TGF-beta also acts as paracrine factor from cancer cells on their mesenchymal cells. The aim of this study was to examine the expression of TGF-beta and its receptors in human colorectal cancer tissue and determine any relationship(More)
To identify the functional sulfonylurea receptor (SUR), a subunit of the adenosine 5'-triphosphate (ATP)-sensitive K+ (KATP) channels, in neonatal rat ventricular cells, such cells in primary culture were treated for 6 days with antisense (AS) oligodeoxynucleotides (ODNs) complementary to the mRNA for SURs. For quantification, single-channel (inside-out(More)
We analyzed the pharmacological properties of 17-cyclopropylmethyl-3,14beta-dihydroxy-4,5alpha-epoxy-6b eta-[N-methyl-trans-3-(3-furyl)acrylamido]morphinan hydrochloride (TRK-820) using Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells expressing cloned rat mu-, delta- and kappa-opioid receptors and human nociceptin receptor. TRK-820 showed high affinity for the(More)
In association with increasing diabetes prevalence, it is desirable to develop new glucose sensing systems with low cost, ease of use, high stability and good portability. Boronic acid is one of the potential candidates for a future alternative to enzyme-based glucose sensors. Boronic acid derivatives have been widely used for the sugar recognition motif,(More)