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The effect of grinding with gelatin on the dissolution behavior and gastrointestinal absorption of a poorly water-soluble drug was evaluated using the antiasthmatic agent, pranlukast, as a model poorly water-soluble drug. A ground pranlukast-gelatin mixture was prepared by grinding equal quantities of pranlukast and gelatin. In the dissolution testing, the(More)
The influence of particle size and surface mannose modification on the uptake of liposomes by alveolar macrophages (AMs) was investigated in-vitro and in-vivo. Non-modified liposomes of five different particle sizes (100, 200, 400, 1000 and 2000 nm) and mannosylated liposomes with 4-aminophenyl-alpha-D-mannopyranoside (particle size 1000 nm) were prepared,(More)
We investigated the role of acoustic cavitation on sonophoretic skin permeation of calcein, a model permeant, across excised hairless rat skin. Three different frequencies (41, 158, 445 kHz) and various intensities (60 to 300 mW/cm(2)) of ultrasound were applied. Cavitation generation in degassed and undegassed (normal) water was monitored using a(More)
Studies on drug disposition in inflamed skin are important for safe and effective application of topical drugs. Here, the absorption of flurbiprofen (FP) through inflamed skin was examined in vivo and in a skin-mimicking artificial model system. The model skin system consisted of a silicone membrane acting as a model stratum corneum, laminated dialysis(More)
The diffusion coefficient (D) of peptide and protein drugs needs to be determined to examine the permeability through biological barriers and to optimize delivery systems. In this study, the D values of fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC)-labelled dextrans (FDs) and peptides were determined and the permeability through a porous membrane was discussed. The(More)
OBJECTIVES Telithromycin, a ketolide antibiotic, has an antibacterial range that covers intracellular parasitic pathogens that survive or multiply intracellularly in alveolar macrophages. The intracellular pharmacokinetics of TEL in alveolar macrophages was evaluated in vitro. METHODS Telithromycin (50 microm) was applied to NR8383 as cultured alveolar(More)
The Renkin function was applied to characterize the penetration pathways through rat skin following different pretreatments. Nonmetabolic oligosaccharides and sugar alcohols, as model hydrophilic compounds, were applied simultaneously to the excised skin to obtain the equivalent cylindrical pore radius (R) and pore occupancy/length ratio (ε/L) for each skin(More)
Absorption enhancers, which increase the permeability of drugs through epithelial membranes without damaging them, are especially useful for intranasal administration of peptide drugs. In this study, aminated gelatins, candidate enhancers, having different numbers of amino groups were prepared from gelatin (H-gelatin, isoelectric point = 9.0, MW 100 kDa)(More)
The distribution characteristics of telithromycin (TEL), a novel ketolide antimicrobial agent, in lung epithelial fluid (ELF) and alveolar macrophages (AMs) were evaluated. In vivo animal experiments, the time-courses of the concentrations of TEL in ELF and AMs following oral administration of TEL solution (50 mg/4 mL/kg) to rats were markedly higher than(More)
In order to confirm the efficacy of ciprofloxacin (CPFX) incorporated into liposomes (CPFX-liposomes) for treatment of respiratory intracellular parasite infections, the influence of particle size on drug delivery to rat alveolar macrophages (AMs) following pulmonary administration of CPFX-liposomes was investigated. CPFX-liposomes were prepared with(More)