Toshinari Yamashita

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Environmental exposures and/or genetic background in Japanese population, which might contribute to the relatively low breast cancer incidence rates in Japan, have not been clarified in detail. Folate plays an essential role in DNA methylation and synthesis, and thus may be involved in the development of breast cancer. Functional polymorphisms in genes(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with de novo stage IV and relapsed breast cancer are often treated with the same strategy. However, survival differences have recently been reported between the disease types. PURPOSE The aim of this study was to compare outcomes between de novo stage IV disease and relapsed disease and to discuss any differences in prognostic factors(More)
OBJECTIVE Although the fear of recurrence is a major concern among breast cancer survivors after their surgery, there are no instruments to evaluate their distress in Japan. This study examines the psychometric properties of the Japanese version of the concerns about recurrence scale, which was originally developed in the USA. METHODS The forward and(More)
Endocrine therapy is the most important treatment of choice for estrogen receptor (ER)-positive breast cancer. Potential mechanisms for resistance to endocrine therapy involve ER-coregulatory proteins and cross-talk between ER and other growth factor-signaling networks. However, the factors and pathways responsible for endocrine therapy resistance,(More)
The possible association of high soy food consumption with low incidence of breast cancer in Asian countries has been widely investigated, but findings from epidemiologic studies have been inconsistent. Breast cancers defined by receptor status, estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR) and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) may have(More)
Although fear of recurrence is a major concern among breast cancer survivors after surgery, no standard strategies exist that alleviate their distress. This study examined the association of patients' problem-solving skills and fear of recurrence and psychological distress among breast cancer survivors. Randomly selected, ambulatory, female patients with(More)
We present a case of advanced HER2-positive male breast cancer, which showed a good response to a combined treatment of trastuzumab and paclitaxel. A 78-year-old man was diagnosed with invasive ductal carcinoma (T4d N3 M1, stage IV). He had advanced breast cancer consisting of multiple tumors with skin involvement and redness over the entire left chest(More)
BACKGROUND Capecitabine, an oral fluoropyrimidine, has shown consistently high efficacy in anthracycline- and/or taxane-pretreated advanced and metastatic breast cancer. The safety profile of capecitabine is characterized by hand-foot syndrome (HFS), which, although not life threatening, can impair patients' quality of life if it is not managed promptly and(More)
We conducted a phase I study of a weekly nab-paclitaxel and S-1 combination therapy in patients with human epidermal growth factor receptor type 2-negative metastatic breast cancer. The primary objective was to estimate the maximum tolerated and recommended doses. Each treatment was repeated every 21 days. Levels 1, 2a, 2b, and 3 were set depending on the(More)
INTRODUCTION Tamoxifen may occasionally precipitate serious and potentially life-threatening hypercalcemia. However, to date, this has not been documented with aromatase inhibitors. CASE PRESENTATION A 65-year-old Japanese woman with liver metastasis from breast cancer was admitted to our hospital with vomiting, anorexia, fatigue, arthralgia, muscle pain(More)