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OBJECTIVE Ventilator-induced lung injury is a risk in patients requiring elevated ventilatory support pressures. We hypothesized that thermal stress modulates the development of ventilator-induced lung injury. DESIGN Experimental study. SETTING University laboratory. SUBJECTS Anesthetized rabbits. INTERVENTIONS Two experimental studies were designed(More)
Sags are segments of the road where there is a significant change in gradient from downhill to uphill in a short distance. Empirically, it has been observed that drivers do not compensate adequately for the changing grade resistance force at sags, which limits vehicle acceleration. As a consequence, congestion forms at sags. This paper proposes and compares(More)
Review Abstract So-called vehicle dynamics (or controllability and stability) refer to the "running, cornering and stopping" of automobiles, which are the most important and basic performance of automobiles. Therefore, many studies have been undertaken from several points of view all over the world. In this paper, our former studies, which focused on the(More)
PURPOSE Skin incision before percutaneous central venous catheterization may cause serious hemorrhage and/or skin cicatrization. To minimize these adverse effects, we improved the shape of a dilator and coated it with lubricant to reduce insertion load. METHODS We selected three types of dilators from different manufacturers. Each brand was widely(More)
Vehicle performance tests are conducted to evaluate factors of vehicle performance such as fuel consumption and durability. Robotic drivers are often used in these tests to ensure that performance evaluate is reproducible, and various types of vehicles have been tested. Manual transmission (MT) vehicles are widely used and represent about 50% of vehicles in(More)
We conducted a sensory evaluation test to demonstrate the difference in palatability between Krestin and Carbocrin (generic drugs). In addition,we analyzed the odorous components and endotoxin contents of the two products to clarify the difference in physicochemical properties. In the sensory evaluation test, questions were asked on the odor, taste, feeling(More)
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