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PURPOSE To clarify the bereaved family's perceptions about the appropriateness of timing when physicians first referred patients to palliative care units, and to identify the factors contributing to family-perceived late referrals. SUBJECTS AND METHODS A multicenter questionnaire survey was conducted on 630 bereaved family members of cancer patents who(More)
BACKGROUND Communication about the ending of anticancer treatment and transition to palliative care is a difficult task for oncologists. The primary aims of this study were to clarify family-reported degree of emotional distress and the necessity for improvement in communication methods when communicating about the ending of anticancer treatment, and to(More)
To clarify the knowledge and beliefs of the Japanese general population related to legal options, pain medications, communication with physicians, and hydration/nutrition in end-of-life care, and to explore the associations between end-of-life care they had experienced and these beliefs, a questionnaire survey was conducted on two target populations: 5000(More)
Although palliative sedation therapy is often required in terminally ill cancer patients, its efficacy and safety are not sufficiently understood. The primary aims of this multicenter observational study were to 1) explore the efficacy and safety of palliative sedation therapy, and 2) identify the factors contributing to inadequate symptom relief and(More)
Although palliative sedation therapy is often required in terminally ill cancer patients to achieve acceptable symptom relief, empirical data supporting the ethical validity of this approach are lacking. The primary aim of this study was to systematically investigate whether empirical evidence supports the ethical validity of sedation. This was a(More)
To provide additional pharmacokinetic evidence for the oral-to-parenteral relative potency ratio of 1:2 to 1:3 for chronic morphine use in a palliative care setting, we determined the plasma concentrations of morphine and its major metabolites, morphine-3-glucuronide (M3G) and morphine-6-glucuronide (M6G), in hospitalized advanced cancer patients maintained(More)
To determine whether the addition of biological markers to performance status (PS) and physical symptoms would improve survival prediction among patients with advanced cancer, we developed two prediction models with a scoring system based on 294 consecutive patients with advanced cancer (training set), and then tested its validity on another 93 patients(More)
More than 85% of cancer-related pain is pharmacologically controllable, but some patients require interventional treatments. Although audit assessment of these interventions is of importance to clarify the types of patients likely to receive benefits, there have been no multicenter studies in Japan. The primary aims of this study were (1) to clarify the(More)
nal pain. Mid-epigastric pain radiating through the back was his first symptom in the diagnosis of cancer in the pancreatic tail, which had been made 6 months previously. At the time of the diagnosis, an advanced stage of malignancy was highly suspected by multiple examinations including radiographic imaging and serological tumor markers. The patient did(More)