Toshimichi Matsui

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The dendritic cell (DC) system of antigen-presenting cells controls immunity and tolerance. DCs initiate and regulate immune responses in a manner that depends on signals they receive from microbes and their cellular environment. They allow the immune system to make qualitatively distinct responses against different microbial infections. DCs are composed of(More)
OBJECTIVE Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPAR gamma) is a member of the nuclear hormone receptor superfamily and functions as a key regulator of lipid and glucose metabolism, atherosclerosis, and inflammatory responses. This study was undertaken to evaluate the biologic role of PPAR gamma in self-limiting episodes of acute gouty(More)
Plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs) are key regulators of antiviral immunity. They rapidly secrete IFN-alpha and cross-present viral Ags, thereby launching adaptive immunity. In this study, we show that activated human pDCs inhibit replication of cancer cells and kill them in a contact-dependent fashion. Expression of CD2 distinguishes two pDC subsets with(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the role of leukotriene B4 (LTB4) receptors in inflammatory arthritis, we investigated the expression of BLT1 and BLT2 mRNA in synovial tissues of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and osteoarthritis (OA). Methods. BLT1 and BLT2 mRNA were detected by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and in situ(More)
OBJECTIVE Autoantibodies against signal recognition particle (SRP) are detected in patients with polymyositis/dermatomyositis (PM/DM). The SRP consists of 7SL RNA and 6 protein components. We examined autoantibodies against deproteinized 7SL RNA in PM/DM patients with anti-SRP antibodies and evaluated the association of anti-7SL RNA antibodies with PM/DM(More)
Immunity results from a complex interplay between the antigen-non-specific innate immune system and the antigen-specific adaptive immune system. The cells and molecules of the innate system employ non-clonal recognition receptors including lectins, Toll-like receptors, NOD-like receptors, and helicases. B and T lymphocytes of the adaptive immune system(More)
A 29-year-old man and a 36-year-old man developed attacks of acute neuro-Behçet's disease (NB) (right Horner's syndrome and right hemiplegia and dysarthria, respectively) during the course of chronic progressive NB (acute on chronic). Although both patients recovered from acute NB after treatment with infliximab or corticosteroids, they continued to show(More)
Effects of bacterial pathogens on the production of macrophage inflammatory protein 3alpha (MIP-3alpha) and MIP-3beta from human peripheral blood neutrophils were investigated. Neutrophils produced both chemokines by coincubation with either gram-positive or gram-negative bacteria. Neutrophils may initiate antigen-specific immune responses through the(More)
Henoch-Schönlein purpura is a systemic vasculitis of small vessels characterized by purpura, arthralgias, glomerulonephritis and gastrointestinal involvements which can cause intestinal perforation. A 75-year-old man with renal dysfunction and palpable purpura (petechiae) of which dermal specimen showed leukocytoclastic vasculitis was diagnosed as(More)
In experimental rheumatology, transcriptomics is one of the most important methods for investigating the pathogenesis of diseases. The biological material of most studies on rheumatoid arthritis has been bulk rheumatoid synovial tissues, but they are not suitable because they consist of several kinds of cells or structures. Laser-mediated microdissection(More)