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Heat shock protein 90 (Hsp90) has been demonstrated in both cytoplasm and nucleus, and regulates cytoplasmic retention of glucocorticoid receptor (GR). However, the role of nuclear Hsp90 in GR trafficking is less characterized. The present study examined the role of Hsp90 in nuclear retention of GR after ligand withdrawal. Hsp90 inhibitors; geldanamycin(More)
The anti-inflammatory effect of FR167653 (1-[7-(4-fluorophenyl)-1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-8-(4-pyridyl)pyrazolo[5,1-c][1,2,4]triazin-2-yl]-2-phenylethanedione sulfate monohydrate), a p38 mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase inhibitor, was examined in two mouse models of acute inflammation. Carrageenan-induced paw edema was inhibited by pretreatment with(More)
Uremic toxins have been suggested to promote progression of chronic renal failure by damaging tubular cells. Previous in vitro studies have indicated that some uremic toxins induce oxidative stress and activate NF-kappaB to upregulate plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 in tubular cells. These mechanisms may promote tubulointerstitial fibrosis. The present(More)
BACKGROUND Uremic toxins have been suggested to promote progression of chronic renal failure. We have shown that organic anion transporter-mediated uptake of uremic toxins induces oxidative stress in opossum kidney renal tubular cells overexpressing the transporter. Plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) and nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-kappaB) are major(More)
Carbonyl stress is one of the important mechanisms of tissue damage in vascular complications of diabetes. In the present study, we observed that the plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) levels in serum and its gene expression in adipose tissue were up-regulated in aged OLETF rats, model animals of obese type 2 diabetes. To study the mechanism of PAI-1(More)
Several observational studies have shown that estrogen replacement therapy decreases cardiovascular mortality and morbidity in postmenopausal women. However, The Women's Health Initiative (WHI) study has found that women receiving estrogen plus progestin had a significantly higher risk of breast cancer, coronary heart disease, stroke, and pulmonary embolus.(More)
1. Carvedilol, an adrenoceptor blocker with antioxidant activity, was studied for its ability to interact with NO in a cell-free condition and in an endothelial cell line (ECV304). 2. In a cell-free system, carvedilol attenuated NO-dependent reduction of carboxy-2-phenyl-4,4, 5,5-tetramethyl-imidazoline-1-oxyl-3-oxide induced by a NO donor,(More)
A direct effect of uraemic toxins in promoting progression of chronic renal disease has not been established. In this study, we investigated the toxic effects of organic anions which characteristically appeared in the patients with progressive renal disease on renal proximal tubular cells expressing human organic anion transporter (hOAT) 1. A renal proximal(More)
CONTEXT Longitudinal problem-based learning (PBL) tutorials are practiced at the Tokyo Women's Medical University. First year medical school students - most of whom are high school graduates with no medical background - often encounter difficulty identifying problems while solving PBL cases in basic science. The format of PBL case presentation may affect(More)
BACKGROUND Adaptation to problem-based learning (PBL) is a difficult process for high school graduates who are not used to self-directed learning, especially in the freshmen year of medical school. The difficulty includes finding problems from a given case. PURPOSE Evaluate the effect of an intervention to facilitate case-based problem finding among(More)