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The complex and coordinated regulation of flowering has high ecological and agricultural significance. The maturity locus E1 has a large impact on flowering time in soybean, but the molecular basis for the E1 locus is largely unknown. Through positional cloning, we delimited the E1 locus to a 17.4-kb region containing an intron-free gene (E1). The E1(More)
The B motif is a signature of type-B response regulators (ARRs) involved in His-to-Asp phosphorelay signal transduction systems in Arabidopsis. Homologous motifs occur widely in the GARP family of plant transcription factors. To gain general insight into the structure and function of B motifs (or GARP motifs), we characterized the B motif derived from a(More)
In the second step of the two consecutive transesterifications of the self-splicing reaction of the group I intron, the conserved guanosine at the 3' terminus of the intron (omegaG) binds to the guanosine-binding site (GBS) in the intron. In the present study, we designed a 22-nt model RNA (GBS/omegaG) including the GBS and omegaG from the Tetrahymena group(More)
Many signal transduction processes are mediated by the binding of Scr-homology-2 (SH2) domains to phosphotyrosine (pTyr)-containing proteins. Although most SH2-pTyr interactions occur between two different types of molecules, some appear to involve only a single molecular type. It has been proposed that the enzymatic activity and substrate recognition of(More)
The solution structure of the C-terminal SH2 domain of phospholipase C-gamma 1 (PLC-gamma 1), in complex with a phosphopeptide corresponding to its Tyr-1021 high affinity binding site on the platelet-derived growth factor receptor, has been determined by nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. The topology of the SH2-phosphopeptide complex is similar to(More)
EL5, a RING-H2 finger protein, is rapidly induced by N-acetylchitooligosaccharides in rice cell. We expressed the EL5 RING-H2 finger domain in Escherichia coli and determined its structure in solution by NMR spectroscopy. The EL5 RING-H2 finger domain consists of two-stranded beta-sheets (beta1, Ala(147)-Phe(149); beta2, Gly(156)-His(158)), one alpha-helix(More)
In Pseudomonas protegens CHA0 and other fluorescent pseudomonads, the Gac/Rsm signal transduction pathway controls secondary metabolism and suppression of fungal root pathogens via the expression of regulatory small RNAs (sRNAs). Because of its high cost, this pathway needs to be protected from overexpression and to be turned off in response to(More)
SUMO E3 ligase of the Siz/PIAS family that promotes sumoylation of target proteins contains SAP motif in its N-terminal region. The SAP motif with a consensus sequence of 35 residues was first proposed to be as a new DNA binding motif found in diverse nuclear proteins involved in chromosomal organization. We have determined solution structures of the SAP(More)
We determined the three-dimensional structure of the PHD finger of the rice Siz/PIAS-type SUMO ligase, OsSiz1, by NMR spectroscopy and investigated binding ability for a variety of methylated histone H3 tails, showing that OsSiz1-PHD primarily recognizes dimethylated Arg2 of the histone H3 and that methylations at Arg2 and Lys4 reveal synergy effect on(More)
The small ubiquitin-related modifier (SUMO) is a ubiquitin-like post-translational modifier that alters the localization, activity, or stability of many proteins. In the sumoylation process, an activated SUMO is transferred from SUMO-activating enzyme E1 complex (SAE1/SAE2) to SUMO-conjugating enzyme E2 (Ubc9). Among the multiple domains in E1, a C-terminal(More)