Toshimasa Yamazaki

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The complex and coordinated regulation of flowering has high ecological and agricultural significance. The maturity locus E1 has a large impact on flowering time in soybean, but the molecular basis for the E1 locus is largely unknown. Through positional cloning, we delimited the E1 locus to a 17.4-kb region containing an intron-free gene (E1). The E1(More)
The B motif is a signature of type-B response regulators (ARRs) involved in His-to-Asp phosphorelay signal transduction systems in Arabidopsis. Homologous motifs occur widely in the GARP family of plant transcription factors. To gain general insight into the structure and function of B motifs (or GARP motifs), we characterized the B motif derived from a(More)
Two chromosome-integrating vectors, pLC1 and pLC2, were used. The former is the pUC19-based vector carrying the Lentinus edodes ras gene promoter and priA gene terminator, and the latter is the pBR322-based vector carrying the promoter and terminator of the priA gene. The manganese (II) peroxidase (MnP) cDNA (mnpc) derived from Pleurotus ostreatus was fused(More)
EL5, a RING-H2 finger protein, is rapidly induced by N-acetylchitooligosaccharides in rice cell. We expressed the EL5 RING-H2 finger domain in Escherichia coli and determined its structure in solution by NMR spectroscopy. The EL5 RING-H2 finger domain consists of two-stranded beta-sheets (beta1, Ala(147)-Phe(149); beta2, Gly(156)-His(158)), one alpha-helix(More)
Ca(2+)/calmodulin (CaM)-dependent protein kinase (CCaMK) is a key regulator of root nodule and arbuscular mycorrhizal symbioses and is believed to be a decoder for Ca(2+) signals induced by microbial symbionts. However, it is unclear how CCaMK is activated by these microbes. Here, we investigated in vivo activation of CCaMK in symbiotic signaling, focusing(More)
NMR studies of the binding of a substrate to an inactive HIV-1 protease construct, containing an active site mutation PR(D25N), are reported. Substrate titration measurements monitored by HSQC spectra and a (15)N-edited NOESY experiment show that the chromogenic substrate analog of the capsid/p2 cleavage site binds to PR(D25N) with an equilibrium(More)
Juvenile hormone (JH) plays crucial roles in many aspects of the insect life. All the JH actions are initiated by transport of JH in the hemolymph as a complex with JH-binding protein (JHBP) to target tissues. Here, we report structural mechanism of JH delivery by JHBP based upon the crystal and solution structures of apo and JH-bound JHBP. In solution,(More)
The solution structure of the C-terminal SH2 domain of phospholipase C-gamma 1 (PLC-gamma 1), in complex with a phosphopeptide corresponding to its Tyr-1021 high affinity binding site on the platelet-derived growth factor receptor, has been determined by nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. The topology of the SH2-phosphopeptide complex is similar to(More)
Previously, we isolated a 4-kDa peptide capable of binding to a 43-kDa receptor-like protein and stimulating protein kinase activity of the 43-kDa protein in soybean. Both of them were found to localize in the plasma membranes and cell walls. Here, we report the physiological effects of 4-kDa peptide expressed transiently in the cultured carrot and(More)
In the second step of the two consecutive transesterifications of the self-splicing reaction of the group I intron, the conserved guanosine at the 3' terminus of the intron (omegaG) binds to the guanosine-binding site (GBS) in the intron. In the present study, we designed a 22-nt model RNA (GBS/omegaG) including the GBS and omegaG from the Tetrahymena group(More)