Toshimasa Jindo

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To investigate the hepatotoxic potential of tienilic acid in vivo, we administered a single oral dose of tienilic acid to Sprague-Dawley rats and performed general clinicopathological examinations and hepatic gene expression analysis using Affymetrix microarrays. No change in the serum transaminases was noted at up to 1000 mg/kg, although slight elevation(More)
The occurrence of renal papillary necrosis (RPN), seen only in dogs after repeated oral administration of nefiracetam, a neurotransmission enhancer, at a relatively high dose, is because of inhibition of renal prostaglandin synthesis by the nefiracetam metabolite M-18. In this study, analyses of urinary proteins and renal mRNA expression were performed to(More)
Tienilic acid is reported to be converted into electrophilic metabolites by cytochrome P450 (CYP) in vitro. In vivo, however, the metabolites have not been detected and their effect on liver function is unknown. We previously demonstrated that tienilic acid decreased the GSH level and upregulated genes responsive to oxidative/electrophilic stresses, such as(More)
The effects of nefiracetam, a neurotransmission enhancer, on renal biochemistry and morphology with toxicokinetic disposition were investigated in both in vivo and in vitro systems. In the in vivo studies with rats, dogs, and monkeys, only the dog exhibited renal papillary necrosis. Namely, when beagle dogs were orally administered with 300 mg/kg/day of(More)
Quinolone antibacterial agents are extensively utilized in antimicrobial chemotherapy. However, they have been reported to induce arthropathy in juvenile animals, and the mechanism has not been clarified. In the present study, to investigate the molecular details of the chondrotoxicity of the quinolone ofloxacin (OFLX), it was orally administered by gavage(More)
Quinolone antibacterial agents are extensively utilized in antimicrobial chemotherapy. However, they have been reported to induce arthropathy in juvenile animals, and the mechanism has not been clarified. Recently, we have demonstrated that Dusp1, Tnfrsf12a, Ptgs2, Fos, Mt1a, Plaur, Mmp3, Sstr1 and Has2 genes change in the articular cartilage of juvenile(More)
We examined the structure-phototoxicity relationship for fluoroquinolone antimicrobial agents (quinolones) using female albino Balb/c mice. First of all, to obtain an optimum dosage level for induction of phototoxicity, the prototype phototoxicant sparfloxacin was intravenously administered once at 10 mg/kg, 30 mg/kg or 100 mg/kg to female mice, followed(More)
Arthropathy in dogs induced by ofloxacin, a quinolone antimicrobial agent, was pathophysiologically investigated. In the in vivo studies, ofloxacin was administered orally once or twice at 20 mg/kg/day to male juvenile (3-month-old, n=3) or adult (36-month-old, n=2) dogs, and the humeral and femoral heads were examined pathologically. Unlike adult dogs,(More)
(+)-Usnic acid (UA) has been known to be a strong uncoupler, and mitochondrial and endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-related stresses are suggested to be involved in the mechanism of hepatotoxicity. However, it has not been clarified whether UA causes toxicity in other mitochondria-rich organs such as the heart. We elucidated whether UA induces cardiotoxicity and(More)
The effect of body-weight loading onto the articular cartilage on the occurrence of chondrotoxicity was investigated in male juvenile Sprague-Dawley rats given ofloxacin (OFLX) orally once at 900 mg/kg. Just after dosing of OFLX, hindlimb unloading was performed for 0, 2, 4, or 8 h by a tail-suspension method. Animals were sacrificed at 8h post-dose, and(More)