Toshiko Yamana

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The transport kinetics of amino-beta-lactam antibiotics was studied by an in situ rat small intestinal recirculating perfusion technique. The disappearance rates of the antibiotics from the perfusing luminal solution followed mixed-type kinetics with saturable and nonsaturable processes. The kinetic parameters were determined. Pharmacokinetic analysis of(More)
The disposition characteristics of beta-lactam antibiotics in rats were investigated, and a physiologically based pharmacokinetic model capable of predicting the tissue distribution and elimination kinetics of these drugs was developed. Protein-binding parameters in rat serum were determined by equilibrium dialysis. Linear binding was found for penicillin(More)
OBJECTIVES To confirm that laryngotracheal separation (LTS) is a satisfactory treatment for patients with intractable aspiration pneumonia, even though it does not require tracheoesophageal anastomosis. STUDY DESIGN Retrospective. METHODS Nine patients with intractable aspiration pneumonia underwent LTS at our institution from 1996 to 1999. Two patients(More)
Ocular manifestations in two cases of congenital muscular dystrophy of Fukuyama type were reported. This disease is characterized by early onset of hypotonia, generalized muscle weakness and atrophy, mental retardation, and elevated serum creatine-phosphokinase activity. The symptoms include entropion of lower lids, pathological myopia with astigmatism,(More)
The degradation rate, solubility, and dissolution rate of amino penicillins, amoxicillin, ampicillin, epicillin, and cyclacillin, were determined quantitatively as a function of pH. In the pH range studied, 0.30-10.50, the degradation of amoxicillin and epicillin followed pseudo-first-order kinetics to give the same type of pH-rate profiles as those of(More)
The acidic, neutral, and alkaline degradations of six therapeutically useful cephalosporins (cephalothin, cephaloridine, cephaloglycin, cephalexin, cephradine, and cefazolin), 7-amino-cephalosporanic acid, 7-aminodeacetoxycephalosporanic acid, and some 7-substituted derivatives were followed by high-pressure liquid chromatographic, UV spectrometric,(More)
Apparent partition coefficients Papp, of beta-lactam antibiotics were determined in octanol-water and 2-methylpropanol-water systems at various pH values. The pKa values also were determined by potentiometry under the conditions of partition experiments. The intrinsic partition coefficients for the unionized form, Pu, and the ionized form, Pi, of(More)
In the present study, the physiologically based pharmacokinetic model, which succeeded previously in predicting the pharmacokinetics of beta-lactam antibiotics in rats [A. Tsuji, T. Yoshikawa, K. Nishide, H. Minami, M. Kimura, E. Nakashima, T. Terasaki, E. Miyamoto, C.H. Nightingale, and T. Yamana: Physiologically based pharmacokinetic model for beta-lactam(More)
A highly infectious cDNA clone of clover yellow vein virus (pClYVV) was tested as a viral vector, especially for legume species. The genes for green fluorescent protein (GFP) and soybean glutamine synthetase (GS) were inserted between the genes for P1 and HC-Pro on pClYVV to create three recombinant plasmids: pClYVV-GFP, pClYVV-GFP-GS, and pClYVV-GFP:GS. In(More)