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The relation between dopaminergic cells (and centrifugal fibers), the electroretinogram (ERG) c-wave, and the light peak were electrophysiologically investigated by observing the effects of a retrobulbar conduction block and intravitreal injection of either dopamine or haloperidol on these retinal responses. The retrobulbar conduction block (1% lidocaine)(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Much interest is currently being focused on the anti-nociceptive effects mediated by nicotinic acetylcholine (nACh) receptors, including their location and mechanism of action. The purpose of this study was to elucidate these issues using 5-iodo-3-(2(S)-azetidinylmethoxy)pyridine (5IA), a nACh receptor agonist, and [(125)I]5IA. (More)
In the present study, we have investigated structures of a CO adlayer on a well-defined Pt(100) electrode surface in 0.1 M HClO4 aqueous solutions saturated with N2, 1% CO/He and 100% CO by using in situ STM. The in situ STM images with molecular resolution demonstrated that highly ordered structures of the CO adlayer, denoted (2 × n) - 2(n - 1)CO with CO(More)
Retinal potentials were recorded from the eyes of anesthetized and immobilized chicks by a standard direct current method. The amplitude of the electroretinogram (ERG) c-wave was measured 2 and 5 sec after the onset of the light stimulus, as indexes of the fast-rise c-wave (cF-wave) and the slow-rise c-wave (cS-wave), respectively. An intravitreal injection(More)
The relation between osmotic gradient variation and change in the ERG c-wave was investigated. The vitreous side of the isolated chick retina was perfused with various solutions having osmotic pressures (pi v) ranging between 310 and 600 mOsm, while the choroidal side was maintained at 480 mOsm (pi c). When the osmotic difference (delta pi), (ie, pi v-pi(More)
In experiments by Yoneyama et al. (1985) a hypertonic perfusing solution was used to record the c-wave from the isolated chick retina. We investigated whether the chick retina was surrounded by such hypertonic liquids. The following results were found: the osmolarity of the subchoroidal humor was markedly higher than that of fluids from other areas of the(More)
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