Toshiki Yamamoto

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Administration of either lamivudine (2'-deoxy-3'-thiacytidine) or L-FMAU (2'-fluoro-5-methyl-beta-L-arabinofuranosyluracil) to woodchucks chronically infected with woodchuck hepatitis virus (WHV) induces a transient decline in virus titers. However, within 6 to 12 months, virus titers begin to increase towards pretreatment levels. This is associated with(More)
The morphological, biochemical and growth characteristics of four members of the Reoviridae, three from the fish hosts, golden shiner (Notemigonus crysoleucas), chum salmon (Oncorhynchus keta) and channel catfish (Ictalurus punctatus) and one from American oyster (Crassostrea virginica), were compared. Electron microscopy of negatively stained virions(More)
The livers of woodchucks chronically infected with woodchuck hepatitis virus (WHV) contain foci of morphologically altered hepatocytes (FAH) with "basophilic", "amphophilic" and "clear cell" phenotypes, which are possibly pre-neoplastic in nature. Interestingly, most fail to express detectable levels of WHV proteins and nucleic acids. We studied sections of(More)
Infectious pancreatic necrosis virus exhibited an interference phenomenon that resulted in the survival of the infected cell with one hit kinetics. The responsible factor was found to co-purify with standard virus through a purification regime that employed two CsCl gradients and a sucrose gradient. This result suggested that a defective interfering (DI)(More)
Infectious pancreatic necrosis (IPN) virus was partially purified by freon extraction of infected CHSE-214 cells and concentrated by polyethylene glycol (PEG) precipitation of virus from the medium. Both methods resulted in virus concentrates that could be further purified by two CsCl gradient centrifugations with little loss of infectivity. A Recovery of(More)
Although 4-META/MMA-TBB resin has adhesive properties to dentin, and has been clinically used for the bonding treatment of vertically fractured roots and apicoectomy, there has not been any investigation on the adhesion of 4-META/MMA-TBB resin to cementum. The purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate the bonding and the sealing ability of(More)