Toshiki Sugimoto

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Quantum-state-selective thermal desorption of H2 weakly physisorbed on Ag(111) demonstrates significantly different desorption features between the nuclear-spin modifications. An energy shift due to the rotational-symmetry breaking induced by an anisotropic interaction affects not only the enthalpy but also the entropy of adsorption. The preexponential(More)
We examine the mechanism responsible for the optical activity of a two-dimensional array of gold nanostructures with no mirror symmetry on a dielectric substrate. Measurements with different incident angles, polarizations and sample orientations allow us to reveal that observed polarization effect is enhanced by surface plasmon resonance. By performing(More)
Charge carrier trapping plays a vital role in heterogeneous photocatalytic water splitting because it strongly affects the dynamics of photogenerated charges and hence the photoconversion efficiency. Although hole trapping by water at water/photocatalyst interface is the first step of oxygen evolution in water splitting, little has been known on how water(More)
We have used Bi and Ce L3-edges extended x-ray absorption fine structure measurements to study local structure of CeO(1-x)F(x)BiS2 system as a function of F-substitution. The local structure of both BiS2 active layer and CeO1-xFx spacer layer changes systematically. The in-plane Bi-S1 distance decreases (ΔRmax ∼ 0.08 Å) and the out-of-plane Bi-S2 distance(More)
This study characterized and removed ash from waste-derived char to improve the quality of char as fuel. Municipal solid waste (MSW) and automobile shredder residue (ASR) were carbonized at 450 degrees C and at 500 degrees C, respectively, in a rotary kiln with a nitrogen atmosphere for 1h. MSW and ASR char were subjected to sieving and(More)
Hot carriers at metal surfaces can drive nonthermal reactions of adsorbates. Characterizing nonequilibrium statistics among various degrees of freedom in an ultrafast time scale is crucial to understand and develop hot carrier-driven chemistry. Here we demonstrate multidimensional vibrational dynamics of carbon monoxide (CO) on Cu(100) along hot-carrier(More)
Ultrafast dynamics of excitons in organic semiconductors is essential for a deep understanding of the working mechanism of plastic opto-electronic devices. In this work, excited state dynamics in dinaphtho[2,3-b:2'3'-f]thieno[3,2-b]-thiophene thin films has been studied with femtosecond transient absorption and time-resolved photoluminescence spectroscopy.(More)
Crystalline ice formation requires water molecules to be sufficiently mobile to find and settle on the thermodynamically most stable site. Upon cooling, however, diffusion and rearrangement become increasingly kinetically difficult. Water ice grown by the condensation of water vapor in laboratory is thus generally assumed to be in a metastable amorphous(More)
We have studied the effect of RE substitution on the structure and the local atomic disorder in REO0.5F0.5BiS2 (RE = rare-earth) to understand their correlation with the bulk superconductivity in these materials. The mean RE size, affecting the chemical pressure, has been varied in two series namely Ce1-xNdxO0.5F0.5BiS2 and Nd1-ySmyO0.5F0.5BiS2. The lattice(More)
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