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Bile acids function as transcriptional regulators for the genes important in bile acid synthesis and cholesterol homeostasis. In this study, we identified angiotensinogen (ANG), the precursor of vasoactive octapeptide angiotensin II, as a novel target gene of bile acids. In human ANG transgenic mice, administration of cholic acid resulted in the(More)
Although clinical and experimental studies have long suggested a role for the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) in the regulation of erythropoiesis, the molecular basis of this role has not been well understood. We report here that transgenic mice carrying both the human renin and human angiotensinogen genes displayed persistent erythrocytosis as well as(More)
Oct-4 is essential for normal embryonic development, and abnormal Oct-4 expression in cloned embryos contributes to cloning inefficiency. However, the causes of abnormal Oct-4 expression in cloned embryos are not well understood. As DNA methylation in regulatory regions is known to control transcriptional activity, we investigated the methylation status of(More)
We examined the promoter activities of three mouse maternal genes (H1oo, Npm2, and Zar1) in oocytes and pre-implantation embryos, and examined the promoters for cis-acting elements of 5'-flanking region to obtain the best promoter for inducing oocyte-specific gene expression. For the assay, we injected firefly luciferase gene constructs under the control of(More)
BACKGROUND Exertional dyspnea is the primary symptom that limits exercise in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). It is unknown which activated brain area is associated with this symptom in COPD patients. OBJECTIVES To investigate the activation of cortical areas associated with dyspnea during exercise in COPD patients. METHODS(More)
INTRODUCTION Abnormal mechanical stress loaded on the cartilage leads to the osteoarthritis (OA). Although intraarticular hyaluronan (HA) injection is an effective treatment for OA, the underlying mechanism has not been made clear. METHODS Mechanical compression was loaded on the bovine cartilage using the Biopress system. Proteoglycan (PG) and reactive(More)
We isolated a mouse cDNA, zag1 (zygotic gene activation-associated gene 1), that has an open reading frame of 1,728-bp encoding a protein of 66.2 kDa including both a bipartite nuclear targeting sequence and a P-loop motif containing nucleoside triphosphate hydrolase motifs. Northern blot analysis of mouse tissues showed that zag1 was widely expressed but(More)
Little is known about an in vivo significance of angiotensin II Type-1 receptor (AT1) for pregnancy-associated diseases, including hypertension and intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR). We previously demonstrated that female mice carrying the human angiotensinogen gene (hAG+/+), when mated with human renin transgenic (hRN+/+) male mice, displayed(More)
We previously identified a novel gonad-specific expression gene (Gse) and investigated its expression during gametogenesis in the mouse testis and ovary. In this study, we generated a polyclonal antibody to GSE protein and determined the profiles of the protein's expression in germ cells and preimplantation embryos in detail using immunocytochemical and(More)
Physiological alterations occur in many organ systems during pregnancy. These changes are necessary for the adaptation to pregnancy-specific physiological processes in mother and fetus, and the placenta plays a critical role in the maintenance of homeostasis in pregnancy. Dysregulation of these functional feto-maternal interactions leads to severe(More)