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Abnormal gait caused by stroke or other pathological reasons can greatly impact the life of an individual. Being able to measure and analyze that gait is often critical for rehabilitation. Motion analysis labs and many current methods of gait analysis are expensive and inaccessible to most individuals. The low-cost, wearable, and wireless insole-based gait(More)
Alignment - the process and measured orientation of the prosthetic socket relative to the foot - is important for proper function of a transtibial prosthesis. Prosthetic alignment is performed by prosthetists using visual gait observation and amputees' feedback. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of transtibial prosthesis malalignment on(More)
Personality, and in particular temperament, is thought to have a biological basis. In the present study, the relationships between regional brain glucose metabolism and temperament have been investigated. Regional brain glucose metabolism was measured using [18F] fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography in 31 healthy subjects. Temperament was(More)
BACKGROUND Recent studies have indicated that there are inherent limitations associated with Fontan physiology. However, there have been no quantitative analyses of the effects of right heart bypass on ventricular afterload, hydraulic power, and resultant overall hemodynamics. Methods and Results- During routine cardiac catheterization, aortic impedance and(More)
Recent functional neuroimaging studies have suggested that specific brain regions might be associated with the formation of anxiety-related personality traits, which are well known to be influenced by gender. Such anxiety-related personality traits are one of the representative predisposing factors for mood and anxiety disorders, whose incidence is also(More)
PRIMARY OBJECTIVE To investigate the methodology using a manual ankle joint resistive torque measurement device to evaluate the contribution of the neural component of ankle joint resistive torque in patients with stroke. RESEARCH DESIGN Within-subject comparison to compare the ankle joint resistive torque between fast and slow stretching conditions. (More)
BACKGROUND Histopathological findings in the acute stage of Kawasaki disease (KD) indicate widespread vascular inflammation that involves not only coronary arteries but also systemic arteries. This may cause changes in systemic arterial wall properties after KD, which could have adverse effects on arterial hemodynamics (an important predictor of(More)
A person with amputation's subjective perception is the only tool available to describe fit and comfort to a prosthetist. However, few studies have investigated the effect of alignment on this perception. The aim of this article is to determine whether people with amputation could perceive the alignment perturbations of their prostheses and effectively(More)
Alignment is important for comfortable and stable gait of lower-limb prosthesis users. The magnitude of socket reaction moments in the multiple planes acting simultaneously upon the residual limb may be related to perception of comfort in individuals using prostheses through socket interface pressures. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of(More)
Ankle-foot orthoses (AFOs) can improve gait in patients with hemiplegia. However, it is anecdotally known that excessive plantarflexion resistance of an AFO could induce undesired knee flexion at early stance. The aim of this study was to systematically investigate the effect of varying the degrees of plantarflexion resistance of an AFO on knee flexion(More)