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BACKGROUND An advanced glycation end product has been implicated in a wide range of pathologic conditions, including diabetes mellitus, chronic kidney diseases, cardiovascular diseases, and arteriosclerosis. Little is known about its relationship with cerebral ischemia. The authors investigated serum levels of pentosidine and outcomes of patients with acute(More)
BACKGROUND Cerebral branch atheromatous disease (BAD) are more likely to experience progressing stroke and neurological deterioration compared with lacunar infarction, although these small vessels occlusions are difficult to discriminate in acute phase of ischemic stroke. Advanced glycation end products including pentosidine have been implicated in(More)
This study tested the hypothesis that dynamic cerebral autoregulation (AR) remains intact before and after the excision of human arteriovenous malformations (AVM). In 12 patients (six female and six male; mean age, 34 years) harboring cerebral AVMs (AVM group), and 15 patients (nine female/six male; mean age, 49 years) with deep-seated lesions (e.g., small(More)
In digital mammograms, granularity is an important image property for the detection of microcalcifications and masses. Therefore, we investigated the relationship between the conditions of various exposure doses and the detectability of RMI156 phantom images with and without image processing for the reduction of exposure dose. The images are processed with(More)
BACKGROUND CONTEXT Little is known on the natural course of ruptured spinal artery aneurysm, and a treatment strategy remains to be elucidated. PURPOSE This case report aims to describe a rare case of a posterior spinal artery aneurysm that showed progressive thrombosis following subarachnoid hemorrhage. STUDY DESIGN This is a case report and literature(More)
We describe a case of acute oculomotor nerve palsy caused by a ruptured middle cerebral artery (MCA) aneurysm. A 59-year-old female presenting with headache and nausea was admitted to our hospital. Her consciousness was alert, and had no other neurological deficit without left oculomotor nerve palsy. A computed tomography (CT) showed SAH extending from left(More)
In terms of neurogenic cerebral blood flow (CBF) control, the activity of the sympathetic nervous system (SNS) has a regulating effect. The impact of a manipulation of both the peripheral (via the perivascular sympathetic net) and central components (via the intracortical noradrenergic terminals originating from the locus coeruleus) on CBF-and especially on(More)
We investigated and evaluated the detection of simulated lesions in various interstitial lung diseases using the dual-energy subtraction radiography method and flat-panel detector (FPD) images. We obtained a FPD system (GE Revolution XR/d), and employed dual-energy 60 kV and 130 kV exposure techniques. Three types of lung lesions, namely, micro-nodule,(More)
Formation of a new saccular aneurysm after successful treatment of ruptured aneurysm has recently raised significant clinical concerns; however, de novo formation and rupture of a dissecting aneurysm has not been discussed. The authors report on a 42-year-old man who initially sought treatment for a ruptured saccular aneurysm of the right middle cerebral(More)
OBJECTIVE To test the hypothesis that the sympathetic nervous system plays a role in cerebral blood flow regulation in patients with arteriovenous malformations (AVM). METHODS Cortical interstitial norepinephrine was measured by means of microdialysis, regional cerebral blood flow was measured by a thermal diffusion technique, and regional oxygen(More)
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