Toshiki Homma

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Respiratory epithelial cells play important roles not only in host defense mechanisms, but also in inflammatory responses. Inhaled corticosteroids are widely used for the treatment of patients with inflammatory lung disorders, including asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and sarcoidosis. Corticosteroids effectively reduce the production of(More)
PURPOSE We investigated the genes responsible for ulcerative interstitial cystitis by DNA microarray analysis and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction. MATERIALS AND METHODS Bladder urothelial tissues were taken from a site apart from the ulcerative lesion in 9 patients with ulcerative interstitial cystitis and from a normal-looking area in 9(More)
Apoptosis and inflammation generally exert opposite effects on tumorigenesis: apoptosis serves as a barrier to tumour initiation, whereas inflammation promotes tumorigenesis. Although both events are induced by various common stressors, relatively little is known about the stress-induced signalling pathways regulating these events in tumorigenesis. Here, we(More)
CpG oligodeoxynucleotides (CpG ODN) are known to elicit Th1 immune responses via TLR9. However, the precise mechanisms through which B cells are involved in this phenomenon are not fully understood. We investigated the effect of CpG ODN on the induction of Th1-chemoattractant CXCR3 chemokines, IP-10, Mig, and I-TAC, in B cells. Cells from the RPMI 8226(More)
A 66-year-old Japanese man with myotonic dystrophy (DM) underwent total laryngectomy for laryngeal carcinoma. The size of the expanded DNA fragment (EF) from the leukocytes and normal laryngeal tissues of this patient was only slightly longer than that in normal subjects. EF, however, was markedly longer in the laryngeal carcinoma. These findings support(More)
BACKGROUND Oligodeoxynucleotides containing unmethylated CpG motifs (CpG ODN) are known to exert a strong adjuvant effect on Th1 immune responses. Although several genes have been reported, no comprehensive study of the gene expression profiles in human cells after stimulation with CpG ODN has been reported. RESULTS This study was designed to identify a(More)
BACKGROUND Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection in infants with Th2 predisposition is thought to increase the risk of allergic sensitization, recurrent wheezing, and bronchial asthma during childhood. We attempted to clarify the molecular mechanisms by which Th1/Th2 predisposition in the host alters RSV infection and facilitates airway inflammation.(More)
Apoptosis of the human tonsillar germinal center was studied by means of immunocytochemical methods. It is generally accepted that the germinal center of the lymphoid tissues plays an important role both in cell proliferation and cell death. Although many studies on cell proliferation have been reported, the cell death mechanism is not yet well understood.(More)
We aimed to examine the effects of KTO-7924 (beta3-adrenoceptor agonist) on lipid metabolism and mRNA expressions in retroperitoneal white adipose tissue (RP WAT) in obese (fa/fa) Zucker rats using DNA microarray. Oral KTO-7924 for 28 days significantly decreased RP WAT weight, plasma triglyceride, free fatty acid, and insulin, and improved insulin(More)
Oligodeoxynucleotides containing unmethylated CpG motifs (CpG ODN) are known to exert a strong adjuvant effect on Th1 immune responses. Although several genes have been reported, no comprehensive study of the gene expression profiles in human cells after stimulation with CpG ODN has been reported. This study was designed to identify a CpG-inducible gene(More)