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Systemic administration of the cholinergic agonist pilocarpine (350-400 mg/kg, i.p.) to rats induces acute behavioral and EEG status epilepticus followed by apparent complete neurological recovery. In rats receiving higher doses of pilocarpine (i.e., 380-400 mg/kg), recurrent seizures reappear 2-2.5 weeks later and continue to occur as long as the rats are(More)
An in vitro slice preparation of combined hippocampus and entorhinal cortex from adult rats was used to study the modalities of generation and propagation, as well as the pharmacological properties of the epileptiform activity induced by the muscarinic agonist pilocarpine (10 microM). Simultaneous field potentials recordings were made from the medial(More)
Application of 4-aminopyridine (4AP, 50 microM) to combined slices of adult rat hippocampus-entorhinal cortex-induced ictal and interictal epileptiform discharges, as well as slow field potentials that were abolished by the mu-opioid agonist [D-Ala2,N-Me-Phe4,Gly-ol5] enkephalin (DAGO, 10 microM) or the GABAA receptor antagonist bicuculline methiodide (BMI,(More)
5-Methoxy-N,N-dimethyltryptamine (5-MeODMT) and 1-(2,5-dimethoxy-4-iodophenyl)-2-aminopropane (DOI) facilitate motoneuron excitability through 5-HT1C/5-HT2 receptors in rats. Using spinal cord slices prepared from adult rats, we recorded unitary cell discharges, evoked by local stimulation of the adjacent site, extracellularly in the motor nuclei of the(More)
Pilocarpine injection into rodents leads to the development of chronic limbic seizures that follow an initial status epilepticus and a seizure-free interval. It has been proposed that a decreased efficacy of the mechanisms that buffer the extracellular concentration of K+ ([K+]o) leads to an increase in seizure susceptibility. Therefore, we analyzed the(More)
The K+ channel activators diazoxide and cromakalim were investigated for effects on 4-aminopyridine (4AP)-induced epileptiform activity in adult rat hippocampal slices maintained in vitro. Under normal conditions of oxygenation, 4AP (50 microM) induced two types of field potentials in extracellular recordings from the CA3 stratum radiatum (apical dendritic(More)
Several prohormone convertases that are involved in the posttranslational processing of precursor proteins, including neuropetides, hormones and neurotrophic factors, are produced in the central nervous system. These include enzymes named furin, PC1, PC2, PC5 and PACE4. To understand better the potential role played by prohormone convertases in the central(More)
Systemic administration of pilocarpine to adult rats induces an acute status epilepticus followed by spontaneous recurrent seizures after a 1-2-week silent period. We recorded field potentials in hippocampal slices obtained from rats with spontaneous recurrent seizures after pilocarpine-induced status. The frequency of the interictal discharges induced in(More)
Extracellular and intracellular recordings have been made from the somatosensory cortex of anesthetized rats. From 264 neurons having receptive fields including the contralateral whiskers, we have determined that two distinct patterns of firing are observed, and call these two patterns regular spiking and bursting. Iontophoretically administered(More)
Traveling neural signals may try to find suitable paths of propagation in cortical circuits. We examined the behavior of electrically evoked signals from primary visual cortex (Oc1) to granular retrosplenial cortex (RSG) in rat brain slices under caffeine application. With continued electrical stimulation, evoked signals propagated from Oc1 to RSG along the(More)