Toshikazu Nagao

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5-Methoxy-N,N-dimethyltryptamine (5-MeODMT) and 1-(2,5-dimethoxy-4-iodophenyl)-2-aminopropane (DOI) facilitate motoneuron excitability through 5-HT1C/5-HT2 receptors in rats. Using spinal cord slices prepared from adult rats, we recorded unitary cell discharges, evoked by local stimulation of the adjacent site, extracellularly in the motor nuclei of the(More)
Extracellular and intracellular recordings have been made from the somatosensory cortex of anesthetized rats. From 264 neurons having receptive fields including the contralateral whiskers, we have determined that two distinct patterns of firing are observed, and call these two patterns regular spiking and bursting. Iontophoretically administered(More)
Previously, we reported that high- and low-avoidance animals (HAA and LAA, respectively), selectively bred for different avoidance response rates in a shuttlebox avoidance test, showed additional behavioral differences in wheel cage activity and in water maze performance after weaning. In the present study, physical and behavioral development were examined(More)
Traveling neural signals may try to find suitable paths of propagation in cortical circuits. We examined the behavior of electrically evoked signals from primary visual cortex (Oc1) to granular retrosplenial cortex (RSG) in rat brain slices under caffeine application. With continued electrical stimulation, evoked signals propagated from Oc1 to RSG along the(More)
The role of dopamine in spinal motor transmission was investigated using spinal reflexes in acutely spinalized rats. Intravenous administration of a relatively high dose of the dopamine receptor agonist apomorphine-HCl (3 mg/kg) or the D2 receptor agonist bromocriptine mesylate (1 mg/kg) reduced the amplitude of the monosynaptic reflex (MSR). Depression of(More)
Two patterns of neuronal firing, bursting and regular spiking, are observed in the somatosensory cortex of anesthetized rats. The effects of excitatory amino acid receptor agonists and antagonists on these discharge types have been examined in vivo, in order to assess their involvement in the generation of such firing patterns. The analysis of interspike(More)
The hypothesis that genetic factors influence behavioral effects was tested in rats exposed prenatally to methylazoxymethanol (MAM). We examined whether baseline behavior is an important factor influencing behavioral effects, and whether a behaviorally selected strain was useful for study of neurobehavioral teratology. Pregnant high- and low-avoidance(More)
The effects of two 5-HT-related hallucinogens on rat spinal mono- and polysynaptic reflex pathways in the rat were investigated. 5-Methoxy-N,N-dimethyltryptamine (5-MeODMT, 1 and 100 micrograms/kg, i.v.), an indolealkylamine agent, produced a dose-dependent decrease in the monosynaptic reflex, whereas 1-(2,5-dimethoxy-4-iodophenyl)-2-aminopropane (DOI,(More)
The aim of the study was to examine changes in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) monoamine concentrations related to alcohol withdrawal. Lumbar puncture was performed in 8 healthy volunteers (control group) and 36 chronic alcoholic patients following alcohol withdrawal. A second lumbar puncture was performed in 20 of these patients after recovery from the(More)
Effects of adrenergic drugs on single motoneurons acutely dissociated from the lumbar enlargement of adult bullfrogs were examined. The dissociated large cells were identified as motoneurons by retrograde labeling with a fluorescent dye. Adrenaline caused membrane depolarization with a decrease in input resistance. Under whole-cell voltage clamp conditions(More)