Toshikazu Kubo

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Osteoarthritis (MIM 165720), characterized by degeneration of articular cartilage, is the most common form of human arthritis and a major concern for aging societies worldwide. Epidemiological and genetic studies have shown that osteoarthritis is a polygenic disease. Here, we report that the gene encoding growth differentiation factor 5 (GDF5) is associated(More)
The 2001 revised criteria for the diagnosis, classification, and staging of idiopathic osteonecrosis of the femoral head were proposed in June 2001, by the working group of the Specific Disease Investigation Committee under the auspices of the Japanese Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare, to establish criteria for diagnosis and management of idiopathic(More)
Lumbar disc disease (LDD) is caused by degeneration of intervertebral discs of the lumbar spine. One of the most common musculoskeletal disorders, LDD has strong genetic determinants. Using a case-control association study, we identified a functional SNP (1184T → C, resulting in the amino acid substitution I395T) in CILP, which encodes the cartilage(More)
Advances in transplantation technology have brought about great benefits to patients suffering from organ failure, but the problem still remains of complications induced by steroids used for post-transplant immunosuppression. Among the side-effects caused by steroids, non-traumatic osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONF) constitutes a serious problem. The(More)
BACKGROUND Although numerous studies describe the clinical characteristics of idiopathic osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH) in specific study populations, these have not been confirmed in countrywide studies. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES We therefore determined: (1) the annual number of patients seeking medical care and number of patients newly diagnosed; and(More)
Fifty-one renal allograft recipients (15-62 years old, mean: 37 years) were monitored for 2.5-6.5 years (average: 4.3 years) after surgery by using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to find (i) initial signs of osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONF), (ii) the presence of bone marrow edema as an initial sign of ONF, (iii) any changes of MRI patterns, and(More)
Lumbar-disc herniation (LDH), one of the most common musculoskeletal diseases, has strong genetic determinants. Recently, several genes that encode extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins in the intervertebral disc have been reported to associate with LDH. Thrombospondins (THBSs) 1 and 2 are good candidates for the LDH susceptibility gene: They are(More)
This study evaluated the regenerative effects of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) for the degenerated intervertebral disc (IVD) in vivo. After induction of IVD degeneration in rabbits, we prepared PRP by centrifuging blood obtained from these rabbits. These PRP were injected into the nucleus pulposus (NP) of the degenerated IVDs after impregnation into gelatin(More)
BACKGROUND Nontraumatic osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH) is one of the complications that may occur after renal transplantation. We investigated the relationship between the incidence of ONFH and polymorphisms in the genes for plasminogen activator inhibitor (PAI)-1, which is one of the major regulatory proteins of the fibrinolytic system, and(More)
Circulation-derived cells play a crucial role in the healing processes of tissue. In early phases of tendon healing processes, circulation-derived cells temporarily exist in the wounded area to initiate the healing process and decrease in number with time. We assumed that a delay of time-dependent decrease in circulation-derived cells could improve the(More)