Toshikazu Abe

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INTRODUCTION Our aim in this study was to assess whether the new Glasgow Coma Scale, Age, and Systolic Blood Pressure (GAP) scoring system, which is a modification of the Mechanism, Glasgow Coma Scale, Age, and Arterial Pressure (MGAP) scoring system, better predicts in-hospital mortality and can be applied more easily than previous trauma scores among(More)
A 59-year-old man with end-stage renal disease was brought to our emergency department with complaints of headache, nausea, dysarthria, tic, and weakness involving the bilateral arms and legs. He had the similar episode 4 month before, when he was treated elsewhere. The patient had received hemodialysis three times per week. His medications included for(More)
Previous studies have suggested a possible association between meteorological factors and the onset of subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). We aimed to investigate the relationship between the onset of SAH and meteorological factors based on an hourly time-series analysis. We collected hourly data on transportation of patients with SAH using the ambulance records(More)
INTRODUCTION Helicopter emergency medical services with a physician (HEMS) has been provided in Japan since 2001. However, HEMS and its possible effect on outcomes for severe trauma patients have still been debated as helicopter services require expensive and limited resources. Our aim was to analyze the association between the use of helicopters with a(More)
A prospective payment system based on diagnosis procedure combination (DPC/PPS) was introduced to acute care hospitals in Japan in April 2003. In order to increase hospital income, hospitals must shorten the average length of stay (ALOS) and increase the number of patients. We constructed a simulation program for evaluating the relationships among ALOS, bed(More)
BACKGROUND Optimal acceptable time intervals from collapse to bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) for neurologically favorable outcome among adults with witnessed out-of-hospital cardiopulmonary arrest (CPA) have been unclear. Our aim was to assess the optimal acceptable thresholds of the time intervals of CPR for neurologically favorable outcome(More)
BACKGROUND Few studies have investigated ambulance utilization in people aged 85 years or older, ie, the oldest old. METHODS We conducted a 1-year population-based observational study of patients transported by ambulance to emergency departments in Tokyo, Japan, which has a population of about 12 million. Demographic data, symptoms/events associated with(More)
Objective: To determine risk factors associated with their length of hospital stay in admitted patients with psy-chotropic drug overdose. Methods: Demographics, data of physical and laboratory, and hospital stay were analyzed using a linear regression and a recursive partitioning analysis to determine significant risk factors for prolonged hospitalization.(More)
A 33-year-old homosexual Japanese man who admitted to having sex with men presented with a two-week history of dyspnea and fever. Chest imaging showed diffuse pulmonary frosted-glass-like shadows. A blood test revealed positive HIV antibodies with a CD4 cell count of 66/μL. Bronchoalveolar lavage identified pneumocystis. Although the patient exhibited a(More)
OBJECTIVES We aimed to investigate the factors related to prolonged on-scene times, which were defined as being over 30 min, during ambulance transportation for critical emergency patients in the context of a large Japanese city. DESIGN A population-based observational study. SETTING Kawasaki City, Japan's eighth largest city. PARTICIPANTS The(More)