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Male ICR mice were exposed to silane 1000 ppm, a concentration 200 or 2000 times higher than the recommended occupational exposure limits by many countries and academic associations, for 1, 2, 4, and 8 h (phase I study) and for 6 h/day, 5 days/week, over 2 and 4 weeks (phase II study). Hematological and biochemical studies were performed, and the animals(More)
AIM OF THE STUDY This investigation evaluated anti-influenza virus activity of 50% ethanol extract of the fruit of Chaenomeles sinensis K(OEHNE), which is widely used as a traditional Chinese medicine to treat throat diseases. MATERIAL AND METHODS Type A and B influenza viruses were treated with the extract at various concentrations for 1h at room(More)
We established an in vitro cytokinesis-block micronucleus assay of human tumours for estimation of the proportion of cells undergoing mitosis (the dividing fraction, DF), the time for the number of nuclei to double and the radiosensitivity in terms of the micronucleus frequency, based on a concept described previously. Under certain conditions, the nuclear(More)
We successfully established a mass production system for an influenza virus-like particle (VLP) vaccine using a synthetic H5 hemagglutinin (HA) gene codon-optimized for the silkworm. A recombinant baculovirus containing the synthetic gene was inoculated into silkworm pupae. Four days after inoculation, the hemagglutination titer in homogenates from infected(More)
Influenza A virus non-structural protein 1 (NS1) is the most important viral regulatory factor that controls cellular processes to facilitate viral replication. To gain further insight into the role of NS1, we tried to find novel cellular factors that interact with NS1. The complexes of NS1 and target proteins were pulled down from an infected cell lysate(More)
To clarify the toxicity of diborane, we conducted acute (15 ppm for 1, 2, 4 or 8h) and subacute (5 ppm for 2 or 4 weeks) inhalation studies on ICR mice. The concentration resulting in a 50% kill after 4 h exposure was 31.5 ppm. body weight gain was suppressed and the lung weight was increased in diborane-exposed mice in both acute and subacute studies. In(More)
In an effort to find efficient DNA vaccine candidates, cDNA of influenza A virus hemagglutinin (HA) gene and several derived mutants were injected into mice using a gene gun. Mice immunized with HA1 DNA, with or without a membrane domain, showed a humoral immune response and the survival rate against homologous virus challenge was comparable to that of mice(More)
To determine the prognostic significance of the methods used to determine the presence of metastasis in second-tier lymph nodes of patients with gastric cancer, the authors studied lymph nodes surgically removed from 100 patients with gastric cancer (55 with early cancer, 45 with progressive). The results of HE staining were compared with those of(More)
To elucidate the role of class switch recombination (CSR) and somatic hypermutation (SHM) in virus infection, we have investigated the influence of the primary and secondary infections of influenza virus on mice deficient of activation-induced cytidine deaminase (AID), which is absolutely required for CSR and SHM. In the primary infection, AID deficiency(More)