Toshiji Saibara

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BACKGROUND Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) includes a broad range of liver pathologies from simple steatosis to cirrhosis and fibrosis, in which a subtype accompanying hepatocyte degeneration and fibrosis is classified as nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). NASH accounts for approximately 10-30% of NAFLD and causes a higher frequency of(More)
The prevalence of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has been increasing. This study aimed to assess the recent prevalence of NAFLD and to predict the prevalence of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) with liver fibrosis using established scoring systems in the general population. A cross-sectional study was conducted among 8352 subjects who received(More)
Aromatase P450 (CYP19) is an enzyme catalysing the conversion of androgens into oestrogens. We generated mice lacking aromatase activity (ArKO) by targeted disruption of Cyp19 and report the characteristic features of the ArKO ovaries and uteri as revealed by histological and biochemical analyses. ArKO females were totally infertile but there were as many(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) can progress to hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). We aimed to characterize the clinical features of NASH patients with HCC. METHODS In a cross-sectional multicenter study in Japan, we examined 87 patients (median age, 72 years; 62% male) with histologically proven NASH who developed HCC. The clinical(More)
The association between human leukocyte antigens and primary biliary cirrhosis is controversial, but major histocompatibility complex class II antigen DR8 was recently reported to be associated with increased susceptibility for primary biliary cirrhosis in some Caucasians and Japanese. Accordingly, we performed DNA typing of HLA class II genes in Japanese(More)
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is currently the most common cause of chronic liver disease in industrialized countries worldwide, and has become a serious public health issue not only in Western countries but also in many Asian countries including Japan. Within the wide spectrum of NAFLD, nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is a progressive form(More)
To identify Ito cells in normal and pathological adult human livers, immunohistochemical studies were performed by the avidin-biotin-peroxidase complex method using monoclonal antibodies for α-smooth muscle actin (ASMA), desmin, and vimentin. Fifty one needle biopsies, 7 surgically resected specimens, and 5 autopsy specimens were studied. In the normal(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS The pathogenesis of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is poorly understood. The aim of this study was to examine genetic influences on NASH pathogenesis. METHODS Blood samples from 63 patients with biopsy-proven NASH and 150 healthy controls were analyzed by the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and restriction fragment length(More)
The purpose of this study is to clarify the morphological characteristics and functional significance of the perisinusoidal stromal cells in hepatocellular carcinoma. The liver specimens surgically resected from 24 patients with hepatocellular carcinoma were studied by electron microscopy and immunohistochemistry using monoclonal antibodies against(More)
Hepatic steatosis occasionally progresses to nonalcoholic steatohepatitis. This study was designed to examine whether non-obese patients with obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) were prone to develop hepatic steatosis and whether repeated hypoxemia contributed to the progression of steatohepatitis. This study included 83 OSAHS patients and 41(More)