Toshiji Iwasaka

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BACKGROUND Preclinical studies have established that implantation of bone marrow-mononuclear cells, including endothelial progenitor cells, into ischaemic limbs increases collateral vessel formation. We investigated efficacy and safety of autologous implantation of bone marrow-mononuclear cells in patients with ischaemic limbs because of peripheral arterial(More)
Angiotensin II (Ang II) is a potent vasopressor peptide that interacts with 2 major receptor isoforms - AT1 and AT2. Although blood pressure is increased in AT2 knockout mice, the underlying mechanisms remain undefined because of the low levels of expression of AT2 in the vasculature. Here we overexpressed AT2 in vascular smooth muscle (VSM) cells in(More)
Various etiologic factors have been identified in tubulointerstitial nephritis (TIN), including allergic drug reaction, infection, and immune-mediated disease. Immune-mediated TIN without significant glomerular involvement has been reported to occur as a renal complication secondary to Sjögren's syndrome, lupus nephritis, and antitubular basement membrane(More)
Peripheral blood (PB)-derived CD14+ monocytes were shown to transdifferentiate into endothelial cell (EC) lineage cells and contribute to neovascularization. We investigated whether bone marrow (BM)- or PB-derived CD34-/CD14+ cells are involved in reendothelialization after carotid balloon injury. Although neither hematopoietic nor mesenchymal stem cells(More)
BACKGROUND Bone marrow implantation (BMI) was shown to enhance angiogenesis in a rat ischemic heart model. This preclinical study using a swine model was designed to test the safety and therapeutic effectiveness of BMI. METHODS AND RESULTS BM-derived mononuclear cells (BM-MNCs) were injected into a zone made ischemic by coronary artery ligation. Three(More)
Resveratrol is known to improve endothelial function in animals, but little is known about its effect on human subjects. Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a cluster of cardiovascular risk factors underlying endothelial dysfunction. We hypothesized that the modified resveratrol, Longevinex, improves endothelial function in patients with MetS. Thirty-four patients(More)
Angiotensin II (Ang II)-mediated signals are transmitted via heparin binding epidermal growth factor (EGF)-like growth factor (HB-EGF) release followed by transactivation of EGF receptor (EGFR). Although Ang II and HB-EGF induce angiogenesis, their link to the angiopoietin (Ang)-Tie2 system remains undefined. We tested the effects of Ang II on Ang1, Ang2,(More)
BACKGROUND Gq-coupled receptors are known to transactivate epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) via the Ca2+ and PKC pathways to phosphorylate extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK). METHODS We studied the involvement of EGFR in transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta)-mediated fibronectin (FN) expression using glomerular mesangial cells. (More)
The signaling cascade elicited by angiotensin II (Ang II) resembles that characteristic of growth factor stimulation, and recent evidence suggests that G protein-coupled receptors transactivate growth factor receptors to transmit mitogenic effects. In the present study, we report the involvement of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGF-R) in Ang II-induced(More)
OBJECTIVES Cilnidipine is a calcium channel blocker that blocks both L and N-type calcium channels. L/N-type calcium channel blockers exhibit sympatholytic action and a renal protective effect via dilation of afferent and efferent arterioles of the renal glomerulus, and afford more potent protection against hypertension-related organ damage than L-type(More)