Toshihiro Tamura

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BACKGROUND Recently, elevation of circulating muscle-specific microRNA (miRNA) levels has been reported in patients with acute myocardial infarction. However, it is still unclear from which part of the myocardium or under what conditions miRNAs are released into circulating blood. The purpose of this study was to identify the source of elevated levels of(More)
BACKGROUND Congestive heart failure (CHF) is associated with altered energy homeostasis and myocardial inflammation, hypertrophy, and fibrosis. Adiponectin, an insulin-sensitizing adipocytokine, may affect these pathogenic factors, and the circulating adiponectin level may serve as a biological marker of CHF. This study aimed to assess the significance of(More)
BACKGROUND The prevalence of coronary artery disease (CAD) is increasing in young adults. Risk factor profiling will help to prevent heart attacks in young patients. This study aimed to analyze the risk factor profile and predictors of major cardiovascular events (MACE) in young CAD patients. METHODS AND RESULTS From the Coronary REvascularization(More)
Stable reproduction is essential for supplying artificially hatched fish to tuna aquaculture. We observed testes maturation in reared Pacific bluefin tuna (PBT) Thunnus orientalis at 2+ years of age. The incidence of males with mature testes was 25.0%, and 40% of the males had developing testes that contain spermatozoa, while oocytes of the same aged(More)
BACKGROUND Observational registries comparing coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) have reported long-term survival results that are discordant with those of randomized trials. METHODS AND RESULTS We conducted a multicenter study in Japan enrolling consecutive patients undergoing first CABG or PCI(More)
Beta-blocker therapy is recommended after ST-segment elevation acute myocardial infarction (STEMI) in current guidelines, although its efficacy in those patients who have undergone primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) has not been adequately evaluated. Of 12,824 consecutive patients who underwent sirolimus-eluting stent implantation in the(More)
Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) is recognized as a primary factor or mediator of atrial fibrillation (AF). We hypothesized that the severity of SDB among AF ablation candidates would be associated with left ventricular diastolic dysfunction (LVDD) even for subclinical SDB. A total of 246 patients hospitalized for initial pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) were(More)
BACKGROUND Atrial fibrillation (AF) increases the left atrial (LA) volume and deteriorates LA function. Whether successful radiofrequency catheter ablation (RFCA) of persistent AF can reverse this process has not been yet established. METHODS Patients with persistent AF undergoing RFCA were evaluated with pre- and post- (at 6-months of follow-up)(More)
BACKGROUND Dual antiplatelet therapy with acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) and a P2Y(12) ADP-receptor blocker is standard for prevention of coronary stent thrombosis. Clopidogrel, a 2(nd)-generation P2Y(12) blocker, has recently become available in Japan and this study aimed to evaluate its antiplatelet effects in Japanese patients. METHODS AND RESULTS Thirty(More)
There is little information on the effect of contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) on long-term mortality after percutaneous coronary intervention in patients with or without chronic kidney disease (CKD). Of 4,371 patients who had paired serum creatinine (SCr) measurements before and after percutaneous coronary intervention and were discharged alive in the(More)