Toshihiro Tachi

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PURPOSE One of the etiologies for idiopathic sudden deafness is considered to be ischemia of the inner ear. Cryptogenic stroke is caused by a right-to-left shunt (RLS). The present study investigated whether RLS is associated with the occurrence of sudden deafness. METHODS Contrast saline transcranial Doppler ultrasonography was performed to detect RLS.(More)
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