Toshihiro Sasaki

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PURPOSE Temporary brain ischemia occurring during surgery under general anesthesia may induce the death of neuronal cells and cause severe neurological deficits. On the other hand, it is not clear whether μ-opioid receptor agonists promote ischemic brain injury. It is known that duration of ischemic depolarization affects the degree of neuronal damage.(More)
The authors have previously reported that dynorphin A (1-17), an endogenous kappa opioid agonist, inhibits the current mediated through neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) without the involvement of opioid receptors or G-proteins. We have further characterized this action to elucidate the mechanisms. The nicotine-induced current was studied(More)
BACKGROUND Alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazole propionic acid (AMPA)-type glutamate receptors mediate fast excitatory synaptic transmission in the central nervous system. Although barbiturates have been shown to suppress the AMPA receptor-mediated responses, it is unclear whether this effect contributes to the anesthetic action of barbiturates. The(More)
Suppression of peri-infarct depolarizations (PIDs) is one of the major mechanisms of hypothermic protection against transient focal cerebral ischemia. Previous studies have shown the lack of hypothermic protection against permanent focal ischemia. We hypothesized the lack of hypothermic protection was due to the poor efficacy in suppression of PIDs. To(More)
— We examine institutional and organizational influences upon information exchange and governance structures within R&D consortia in the United States and Japan. We hypothesized that national differences in institutional environments would lead to less active governance and information-exchange activities within Japanese R&D consortia relative to their U.S.(More)
UNLABELLED We have found that racemic ketamine strongly inhibits the current mediated through neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAchRs) in PC12 cells, a rat pheochromocytoma cell line. Ketamine stereoisomers have different potencies for the anesthetic action, with the S-enantiomer being about 3 times as potent as the R-enantiomer. The purpose of(More)
Perioperative management is critical for positive neurosurgical outcomes. In order to maintain safe and authentic perioperative management, a perioperative management center (PERIO) was introduced to patients of our Neurosurgery Department beginning in June 2014. PERIO involves a multidisciplinary team consisting of anesthesiologists, dentists/dental(More)
BACKGROUND Cognitive dysfunction can be a long-term complication following subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). Preclinical models have been variously characterized to emulate this disorder. This study was designed to directly compare long-term cognitive deficits in the context of similar levels of insult severity in the cisterna magna double-blood (DB) injection(More)
Postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) occurs in nearly one-third of patients after non-cardiac surgery. Many animal behavior studies have investigated the effect of general anesthesia on cognitive function. However, there have been no studies examining the effects on working memory specifically, with a focus on the retention of working memory. We(More)
Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF), efficacious in preclinical models of acute central nervous system injury, is burdened by administration of full-length proteins. A multiinstitutional consortium investigated the efficacy of BB3, a small molecule with HGF-like activity that crosses the blood-brain barrier in rodent focal ischemic stroke using Stroke Therapy(More)