Toshihiro Sasaki

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Temporary brain ischemia occurring during surgery under general anesthesia may induce the death of neuronal cells and cause severe neurological deficits. On the other hand, it is not clear whether μ-opioid receptor agonists promote ischemic brain injury. It is known that duration of ischemic depolarization affects the degree of neuronal damage. However, the(More)
We examine institutional and organizational influences upon information exchange and governance structures within R&D consortia in the United States and Japan. We hypothesized that national differences in institutional environments would lead to less active governance and information-exchange activities within Japanese R&D consortia relative to their U.S.(More)
BACKGROUND Cognitive dysfunction can be a long-term complication following subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). Preclinical models have been variously characterized to emulate this disorder. This study was designed to directly compare long-term cognitive deficits in the context of similar levels of insult severity in the cisterna magna double-blood (DB) injection(More)
SIGNIFICANCE Metalloporphyrins, characterized by a redox-active transitional metal (Mn or Fe) coordinated to a cyclic porphyrin core ligand, mitigate oxidative/nitrosative stress in biological systems. Side-chain substitutions tune redox properties of metalloporphyrins to act as potent superoxide dismutase mimics, peroxynitrite decomposition catalysts, and(More)
Suppression of peri-infarct depolarizations (PIDs) is one of the major mechanisms of hypothermic protection against transient focal cerebral ischemia. Previous studies have shown the lack of hypothermic protection against permanent focal ischemia. We hypothesized the lack of hypothermic protection was due to the poor efficacy in suppression of PIDs. To(More)
BACKGROUND The effect of nitrous oxide on ischemic neuronal damage was quantitatively evaluated by use of logistic regression curves. METHODS Seventy-two gerbils were anesthetized with 1% halothane and randomly assigned to receive 70% nitrous oxide or 70% nitrogen. Forebrain ischemia was performed for 3, 5, or 7 min, and direct-current potential in the(More)
Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF), efficacious in preclinical models of acute central nervous system injury, is burdened by administration of full-length proteins. A multiinstitutional consortium investigated the efficacy of BB3, a small molecule with HGF-like activity that crosses the blood-brain barrier in rodent focal ischemic stroke using Stroke Therapy(More)
Perioperative management is critical for positive neurosurgical outcomes. In order to maintain safe and authentic perioperative management, a perioperative management center (PERIO) was introduced to patients of our Neurosurgery Department beginning in June 2014. PERIO involves a multidisciplinary team consisting of anesthesiologists, dentists/dental(More)
We experienced the perioperative management of the living related liver transplantation (LRLT) in a patient with hepatopulmonary syndrome (HPS). HPS is seen in 15% of patients of the endstage liver failure, and it accompanies the various types of hypoxia. The diagnostic standards of HPS are chronic liver disease usually complicated by portal hypertension(More)
Postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) occurs in nearly one-third of patients after non-cardiac surgery. Many animal behavior studies have investigated the effect of general anesthesia on cognitive function. However, there have been no studies examining the effects on working memory specifically, with a focus on the retention of working memory. We(More)
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