Toshihiro Onohara

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BACKGROUND Transcription factor activator protein-1 (AP-1) is activated and upregulated in injured arterial smooth muscle cells in vivo, yet the exact role of the AP-1--related pathway in vascular disease in vivo has remained unclear. We examined the role of the transfer of synthetic double-stranded cis-element decoy oligodeoxynucleotides (ODNs) in(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to investigate the cytokine patterns of patients with abdominal aortic aneurysms and the effects of preoperative steroid administration on surgical stress. METHODS From January 1996 to August 1996, 20 consecutive patients underwent an elective reconstruction of infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysms. The patients were(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Prognosis of scirrhous gastric cancer remains low. To determine the clinicopathological features that are correlated with prognosis, we studied long-term survivors of scirrhous gastric cancer (survival duration more than 5 years) in comparison with patients with short survival. METHODOLOGY Among 2719 gastric cancer patients who underwent(More)
Although intimal hyperplasia is a major cause limiting the long-term patency of the vein grafts, its precise mechanisms, including the effect of poor runoff, has not yet been well characterized. We thus designed the present study to try to determine the effect of poor runoff arterial flow to the phenotypic alterations of the graft wall by(More)
Diabetic foot is caused by microangiopathy and is suggested to be a result of impaired angiogenesis. Using a severe hindlimb ischemia model of streptozotocin-induced diabetic mice (STZ-DM), we show that diabetic foot is a disease solely of the disturbance of platelet-derived growth factor B-chain homodimer (PDGF-BB) expression but not responses of(More)
We here report the results of a Phase I/IIa open-label four dose-escalation clinical study assessing the safety, tolerability, and possible therapeutic efficacy of a single intramuscular administration of DVC1-0101, a new gene transfer vector based on a nontransmissible recombinant Sendai virus (rSeV) expressing the human fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF-2)(More)
BACKGROUND The intimal hyperplasia of vein grafts is a major cause of late graft failure and is more pronounced under hyperlipidemia. We previously reported that endothelial cell (ec)-type nitric oxide synthase (NOS) gene transfer inhibited graft intimal hyperplasia under poor runoff conditions. However, little information is available on either ecNOS gene(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Total gastrectomy has generally been performed for the treatment of early gastric cancers involving the upper third of the stomach. However, proximal gastrectomy has also been used for the treatment of cardial early gastric cancer. METHODOLOGY To compare the nutritional parameters after proximal gastrectomy with the parameters after total(More)
The therapeutic use of angiogenic factors shows promise in the treatment of critical limb ischemia; however, its potential for myonephropathic metabolic syndrome (MNMS), a fatal complication caused by arterial reconstruction, has not been elucidated. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of recombinant Sendai virus-mediated gene(More)