Toshihiro Miyazaki

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Bcl2 subfamily proteins, including Bcl2 and Bcl-X(L), inhibit apoptosis. As osteoblast apoptosis is in part responsible for osteoporosis in sex steroid deficiency, glucocorticoid excess, and aging, bone loss might be inhibited by the upregulation of Bcl2; however, the effects of Bcl2 overexpression on osteoblast differentiation and bone development and(More)
Reduced mechanical stress is a major cause of osteoporosis in the elderly, and the osteocyte network, which comprises a communication system through processes and canaliculi throughout bone, is thought to be a mechanosensor and mechanotransduction system; however, the functions of osteocytes are still controversial and remain to be clarified. Unexpectedly,(More)
We studied the anatomical properties of parasympathetic postganglionic neurons in the frog tongue and their modulatory effects on taste cell responses. Most of the parasympathetic ganglion cell bodies in the tongue were found in extremely small nerve bundles running near the fungiform papillae, which originate from the lingual branches of the(More)
Galnt3 belongs to the GalNAc transferase gene family involved in the initiation of mucin-type O-glycosylation. Male Galnt3-deficient (Galnt3 −/−) mice were infertile, as previously reported by Ichikawa et al. (2009). To investigate the involvement of Galnt3 in spermatogenesis, we examined the differentiation of germ cells in Galnt3 −/− mice. Galnt3 mRNA was(More)
The transduction mechanism of salt-induced responses of mouse taste cells was investigated using the patch clamp and the local stimulation techniques under quasi-natural conditions. Apically applied NaCl induced a voltage-independent current, which was partially suppressed by amiloride and Cd2+. In contrast, apically applied 0.5 M KCl induced an inwardly(More)
A method for the whole-cell recording from non-dissociated taste cells within mouse taste bud is described. The lingual epithelial sheet containing the taste buds was peeled free from the tongue by injecting a proteolytic enzyme, elastase, under the lingual epithelium and by incubating it in normal Tyrode solution at 30 degrees C. The preparation consisting(More)
RUNX2 and SP7 are essential transcription factors for osteoblast differentiation at an early stage. Although RUNX2 inhibits osteoblast differentiation at a late stage, the function of SP7 at the late stage of osteoblast differentiation is not fully elucidated. Thus, we pursued the function of SP7 in osteoblast differentiation. RUNX2 induced Sp7 expression(More)
The membrane properties of isolated frog parathyroid cells were studied using perforated and conventional whole-cell patch-clamp techniques. Frog parathyroid cells displayed transient inward currents in response to depolarizing pulses from a holding potential of -84 mV. We analyzed the biophysical properties of the inward currents. The inward currents(More)
Elevation of extracellular Ca(2+) concentration induces intracellular Ca(2+) signaling in parathyroid cells. The response is due to stimulation of the phospholipase C/Ca(2+) pathways, but the direct mechanism responsible for the rise of intracellular Ca(2+) concentration has remained elusive. Here, we describe the electrophysiological property associated(More)
The effect of calcium-sensing receptor (CaR) agonists on frog gustatory responses was studied using glossopharyngeal nerve recording and whole-cell patch-clamp recording of isolated taste disc cells. Calcimimetic NPS R-467 dissolved in normal saline solution elicited a large transient response in the nerve. The less active enantiomer of the compound, NPS(More)