The principal±agent problem between the regulator, regulated banks, and taxpayers is critical to the viability of the ®nancial systemÕs safety net. There exists the danger that the regulator will collude with regulated banks to pursue their bene®ts at the expense of taxpayers, thereby reducing eectiveness of ®nancial supervision. This paper proposes that… (More)
Acotiamide hydrochloride (acotiamide; N-[2-[bis(1-methylethyl) amino]ethyl]-2-[(2-hydroxy-4,5-dimethoxybenzoyl) amino] thiazole-4-carboxamide monohydrochloride trihydrate, Z-338) has been reported to improve meal-related symptoms of functional dyspepsia in clinical studies. Here, we examined the gastroprokinetic effects of acotiamide and its… (More)
Intraplantar injection of capsaicin (1.6 microg/paw) into the mouse hindpaw produced an acute paw-licking/biting response. This study was designed (1) to investigate the antinociceptive effects of intraplantar administration of capsazepine, a competitive vanilloid receptor antagonist, and ruthenium red, a noncompetitive antagonist, in the nociceptive… (More)
Free trade agreements (FTAs) have rules of origin (ROOs) to prevent tariff cir-cumvention by firms of non-member countries. This paper points out that in imperfectly competitive markets, ROOs have another role overlooked in the existing literature. Instead of focusing on the impacts of ROOs in the intermediate-good markets, we draw our attention to the… (More)
This paper studies an economic contest with two participants, who are overconfident in their own relative abilities. We examine two different sources of overconfidence, overestimation of one's own ability and underestimation of the rival's ability, and compare the behavioral consequences of each situation with the correctly estimated case. The main result… (More)
Theoretical approaches to information and incentive problems in analyzing multinational firms' behavior remain under-examined. I present a model that explains a multinational firm's choice of organizational form of its intermediate goods production in the south, which includes FDI and outsourcing. In the case of outsourcing in the south, the multinational… (More)
Using a large sample of financially distressed small firms in Japan, we find that a distressed firm goes bankrupt faster if it uses proportionately more trade credits. Financially distressed firms experiencing a sharp decrease in trade payables are also more likely to go bankrupt. This suggests that coordination failure among a large number of dispersed… (More)
We introduce a small cost of leading in the two-player action commitment game formulated by Hamilton and Slutsky (1990). We investigate a price competition model and find that any randomized strategy equilibria converge to the Bertrand equilibrium.