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Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) has previously been shown to display neuroprotective effects following ischemia, suggesting that VEGF may potentially be applied as a neuroprotective agent for the treatment of other neurological diseases. In this study, we investigated the neuroprotective capacity of VEGF in a model of Parkinson's disease. VEGF was(More)
We explored the effects of exogenous and endogenous erythropoietin (EPO) in a seizure model of rat. Adult male Fischer 344 rats received continuous intraventricular infusion of EPO dissolved in saline containing 1mg/ml of rat serum albumin, anti-EPO antibody, saline containing 1mg/ml of rat serum albumin or combined EPO and neuropeptide Y (NPY) Y2-receptor(More)
OBJECTIVES The therapeutic effects of adult and embryonic neural precursor cells (NPCs) were evaluated and their therapeutic potential compared in a rat model of Parkinson disease. METHODS Adult NPCs were obtained from the subventricular zone and embryonic NPCs were taken from the ganglionic eminence of 14-day-old embryos. Each NPC type was cultured with(More)
OBJECT Glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) has been shown to confer neuroprotective effects on dopaminergic neurons. The authors investigated the effects of GDNF on 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA)-treated dopaminergic neurons in vitro and in vivo. METHODS First, the authors examined how 1, 10, or 100 ng/ml of GDNF, administered to cells 24 hours(More)
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) has previously been shown to display neuroprotective effects on dopaminergic (DA) neurons. In this study, we investigated whether the effects of VEGF were dose-dependent or not. First, VEGF was shown to be neuroprotective on 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA)-treated murine DA neurons in vitro, although the 1 ng/ml of VEGF(More)
Metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs) have been recently implicated as robust therapeutic targets for Parkinson's disease (PD). Here, we explored how activation of mGluRs in globus pallidus (GP) affected the amphetamine-induced rotational behavior in the unilateral 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) lesion rat model of PD. The amphetamine-induced rotations were(More)
OBJECT The authors evaluated the neuroprotective and angiogenic effects of a continuous and low-dose infusion of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-165 on cerebral ischemia in rats. METHODS The authors introduced VEGF complementary (c)DNA into baby hamster kidney (BHK) cells and established a cell line that produces human VEGF165 (BHK-VEGF). The(More)
INTRODUCTION Interstitial Lung Disease (ILD) is frequently associated with Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) as one of extra-articular manifestations. Many studies for Human Leukocyte Antigen (HLA) allelic association with RA have been reported, but few have been validated in an RA subpopulation with ILD. In this study, we investigated the association of HLA class(More)
INTRODUCTION In rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients receiving immunosuppressive treatments, vaccination against Streptococcus pneumoniae is recommended. The objective of the study was to evaluate the effects of tacrolimus (TAC) on immune response following administration of a 23-valent pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine (PPSV23) in patients with established(More)
In the present study, infection experiments of E. krijgsmanni using various hosts were conducted to elucidate the host specificity among some animals and the infectivity to mouse strains. According to the results, the infection was not found in most animals, except for rats, in which some oocyst shedding was detected, and there was no significant difference(More)