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Applications of laser therapy, including low-level laser therapy (LLLT), phototherapy and photodynamic therapy (PDT), have been proven to be beneficial and relatively less invasive therapeutic modalities for numerous diseases and disease conditions. Using specific types of laser irradiation, specific cellular activities can be induced. Because multiple(More)
Low-level laser therapy (LLLT) has been used as a method for biostimulation. Cartilage develops through the differentiation of mesenchymal cells into chondrocytes, and differentiated chondrocytes in articular cartilage maintain cartilage homeostasis by synthesizing cartilage-specific extracellular matrix. The aim of this study is to evaluate the enhancement(More)
UNLABELLED Abstract Objective: The purpose of this study was to measure intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) production after laser irradiation in various types of cells. BACKGROUND DATA ROS are considered to be the key secondary messengers produced by low-level laser therapy (LLLT). Although various mechanisms for the effects of LLLT have been(More)
UNLABELLED CTGF/CCN2, a hypertrophic chondrocyte-specific gene product, possessed the ability to repair damaged articular cartilage in two animal models, which were experimental osteoarthritis and full-thickness defects of articular cartilage. These findings suggest that CTGF/CCN2 may be useful in regeneration of articular cartilage. INTRODUCTION(More)
OBJECTIVE The present study investigated whether the simultaneous application of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) and hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) enhances blood vessel formation in murine ischemic hindlimb compared with bFGF or HGF applied alone. METHODS Unilateral hindlimb ischemia was created in C57BL/6 mice. Hindlimb blood flow was evaluated by(More)
Recently we have developed new sustained release system of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) using gelatin hydrogel as a carrier. Using this system, we examined the effect of topical sustained release of bFGF on angiogenesis and tissue blood perfusion in a rabbit model of hind limb ischemia. Thirty-two rabbits underwent excision of right femoral artery(More)
Renal interstitial fibrosis is the common pathway of chronic renal disease, while it causes end-stage renal failure. Transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) is well recognized to be one of the primary mediators to induce accumulation of extracellular matrix (ECM) in the fibrotic area. Therefore, it is expected that local suppression of TGF-beta receptor(More)
Heat shock protein 47 (HSP47), a collagen-specific molecular chaperone, is essential for the biosynthesis and secretion of collagen and is expressed in the fibrotic peritoneum. In the present study, we evaluated the efficacy of HSP47 small interfering RNA (siRNA) to suppress the development of peritoneal fibrosis induced by chlorhexidine gluconate in mice.(More)
Double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) plays a major role in RNA interference (RNAi), a process in which segments of dsRNA are initially cleaved by the Dicer into shorter segments (21-23 nt) called small interfering RNA (siRNA). These siRNA then specifically target homologous mRNA molecules causing them to be degraded by cellular ribonucleases. RNAi down regulates(More)
The objective of this paper is to investigate the in vivo release and gene expression of lacZ plasmid DNA (pSV-lacZ) by the hydrogels of cationized gelatin. Gelatin with different cationization extents was prepared by changing the amount of ethylenediamine added to aminize the carboxyl groups of gelatin with a water-soluble carbodiimide. The cationized(More)