Toshihiro Kawai

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OBJECTIVES PD-L1 (also B7-H1) and PD-L2 (also B7-DC) are ligands for programmed death-1 (PD-1), which is a member of the CD28/B7 superfamily of costimulatory molecules and plays an inhibitory role on the periphery. Impaired regulation of this system may cause disruption to self-tolerance leading to autoimmunity; however, the role of these molecules in the(More)
AIM Ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) treatment reduces IgM serum levels in patients with primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) without affecting serum antimitochondrial antibody (AMA) titers. We previously reported that PBC-associated hyper-IgM is secondary to a disease-specific hyperproduction following bacterial stimulation by B cells. METHODS We isolated(More)
AIM Serum antimitochondrial antibody (AMA) of the IgG2 and IgG3 subclasses has been reported to be predominant in patients with primary biliary cirrhosis from developed countries. No data are available as to the significance of AMA subtypes in Japanese primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) patients who have previously manifested unique serological features, nor(More)
Taking care for dementia persons with BPSD is burdening on caregivers. To reduce caregivers' burdens and improve dementia persons' quality of life, monitoring and communication intervention system has been proposed. A part of the system, wandering and falling down detection system has been developed. It is designed based on the requirement of the caregivers(More)
This paper presents the Integrated Designer's Activity Support System for Architecture (IDAS-A), a man-machine system experimentally developed for use by a designer/engineer in the preliminary building design area. New concepts introduced in organizing this system are those of “Status and Flow” and “Milestone”, which allow the(More)
AC and DC powered operating tables were investigated from the viewpoint of safety and the following results were obtained: 1) With the increase in supply voltage, leakage from cables increased prominently. Only a low leakage cable showed a low leakage value. 2) AC powered operating tables showed a high leakage current, especially when in remote control. 3)(More)
BACKGROUND The outcomes of treatment of ruptured varices in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and portal vein tumor thrombus (PVTT) are unclear. We therefore evaluated the long- (rebleeding and death) and short-term (immediate death within 24 h of variceal bleeding diagnosis) outcomes of patients with PVTT who underwent emergency variceal band(More)
PURPOSE The prognosis in advanced biliary carcinoma has remained poor. The purpose of this study was to investigate the efficacy of intraarterial 5-fluorouracil and interferon therapy against unresectable biliary carcinoma. METHODS Patients with unresectable biliary carcinoma with performance status 0 or 1 were enrolled between January 2002 and September(More)
Restorative proctocolectomy has become the most common surgical option for familial adenomatous polyposis patients, based on the premise that the technique yields good functional results and reduces colorectal cancer risk. However, several adenomas may develop in the pouch mucosa in later years, and even cancer (at the anastomosis or in the pouch mucosa)(More)