Toshihiro Hayashi

Learn More
Functional brain organization of macaque monkeys and humans was directly compared by functional magnetic resonance imaging. Subjects of both species performed a modified Wisconsin Card Sorting Test that required behavioral flexibility in the form of cognitive set shifting. Equivalent visual stimuli and task sequence were used for the two species. We found(More)
Functional organization of human cerebral hemispheres is asymmetrically specialized, most typically along a verbal/nonverbal axis. In this event-related functional MRI study, we report another example of the asymmetrical specialization. Set-shifting paradigms derived from the Wisconsin card sorting test were used, where subjects update one behavior to(More)
Rapid presentation event-related functional magnetic resonance imaging was applied to macaque monkeys performing a symmetrically rewarded go/no-go task, to investigate neural correlate of response inhibition. Sensorimotor activation related to the task performance was observed predominantly in the hemisphere contralateral to the response forelimb.(More)
Stop-signal task (SST) has been a key paradigm for probing human brain mechanisms underlying response inhibition, and the inhibition observed in SST is now considered to largely depend on a fronto basal ganglia network consisting mainly of right inferior frontal cortex, pre-supplementary motor area (pre-SMA), and basal ganglia, including subthalamic(More)
Familial amyloidosis of the Finnish type (FAF) is an autosomal dominant form of systematic amyloidosis characterized by lattice corneal dystrophy, cranial neuropathy, and cutis laxa. Although FAF has been frequently found in the Finnish population, FAF is a considerably rare disorder in other regions. In this study, we examined the clinical characteristics(More)
Spatial patterns of spontaneous fluctuations in blood oxygenation level-dependent (BOLD) signals reflect the underlying neural architecture. The study of the brain network based on these self-organized patterns is termed resting-state functional MRI (fMRI). This review article aims at briefly reviewing a basic concept of this technology and discussing its(More)
  • 1