Toshihiro Funatsu

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Kinesin is a two-headed motor protein that powers organelle transport along microtubules. Many ATP molecules are hydrolysed by kinesin for each diffusional encounter with the microtubule. Here we report the development of a new assay in which the processive movement of individual fluorescently labelled kinesin molecules along a microtubule can be visualized(More)
We have developed a new technique for measurements of piconewton forces and nanometer displacements in the millisecond time range caused by actin-myosin interaction in vitro by manipulating single actin filaments with a glass microneedle. Here, we describe in full the details of this method. Using this method, the elementary events in energy transduction by(More)
Visualization of single actin filaments by fluorescence microscopy led to the development of new in vitro assays for analysing actomyosin-based motility at the molecular level. The ability to manipulate actin filaments with a microneedle or an optical trap combined with position-sensitive detectors has enabled direct measurements of nanometre displacements(More)
Using total internal reflection fluorescence microscopy, we have directly observed individual interactions of single RNA polymerase molecules with a single molecule of lambda-phage DNA suspended in solution by optical traps. The interactions of RNA polymerase molecules were not homogeneous along DNA. They dissociated slowly from the positions of the(More)
To clarify the full picture of the connectin (titin) filament network in situ, we selectively removed actin and myosin filaments from cardiac muscle fibers by gelsolin and potassium acetate treatment, respectively, and observed the residual elastic filament network by deep-etch replica electron microscopy. In the A bands, elastic filaments of uniform(More)
The muscle contractile apparatus has a highly ordered liquid crystalline structure. The molecular mechanism underlying the formation of this apparatus remains, however, to be elucidated. Selective removal and reconstitution of the components are useful means of examining this mechanism. In addition, this approach is a powerful technique for examining the(More)
The elementary events in energy transduction by the actomyosin motor, driven by ATP hydrolysis, were directly recorded from multiple and single molecules using a recently developed technique for nano-manipulation of single actin filaments by a microneedle. In order to avoid the effects of random orientation of myosin and association of myosin with an(More)
We examined whether or not purified actin binds to the ends of thin filaments in rabbit skeletal myofibrils. Phase-contrast, fluorescence, and electron microscopic observations revealed that actin does not bind to the ends of thin filaments of intact myofibrils. However, in I-Z-I brushes prepared by dissolving thick filaments at high ionic strength, marked(More)
OBJECTIVES We sought to elucidate the incidence and timing of myocardial recovery in patients with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy during prolonged support with a left ventricular assist system and to characterize the factors influencing this phenomenon. METHODS Since 2000, 11 patients (mean age, 27.9 years) with end-stage heart failure caused by(More)
Myocardial regeneration therapy shows great promise as a treatment for heart failure. We recently introduced combined autologous cellular cardiomyoplasty with skeletal myoblasts and bone marrow cells as a treatment for human ischemic cardiomyopathy. We report the results of our first clinical trial of this technique, used to treat a patient with severe(More)