Toshihiro Aramaki

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Macroscopic and unitary currents through Ca(2+)-activated Cl- channels were examined in enzymatically isolated guinea-pig hepatocytes using whole-cell, excised outside-out and inside-out configurations of the patch-clamp technique. When K+ conductances were blocked and the intracellular Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) was set at 1 microM (pCa = 6), membrane(More)
Fast excitatory transmission in the mammalian central nervous system is mediated by AMPA-type glutamate receptors. The tetrameric AMPA receptor complexes are composed of four subunits, GluR1-4. The GluR4 subunit is highly expressed in the cerebellum and the early postnatal hippocampus and is thought to be involved in synaptic plasticity and the development(More)
Somites, blocks of mesoderm tissue located on either side of the neural tube in the developing vertebrate embryo, are derived from mesenchymal cells in the presomitic mesoderm (PSM) and are a defining characteristic of vertebrates. In vertebrates, the somite segmental boundary is determined by Notch signalling and the antagonistic relationship of the(More)
On the basis of the glutamatergic dysfunction hypothesis of schizophrenia, we have been conducting a systematic study of the association of glutamate receptor genes with schizophrenia. Here we report association studies of schizophrenia with polymorphisms in three kainate receptor genes: GRIK3, GRIK4 and GRIK5. We selected 16, 24 and 5 common single(More)
The zebrafish has a striped skin pattern on its body, and Connexin41.8 (Cx41.8) and Cx39.4 are involved in striped pattern formation. Mutations in these connexins change the striped pattern to a spot or labyrinth pattern. In this study, we characterized Cx41.8 and Cx39.4 after expression in Xenopus oocytes. In addition, we analyzed Cx41.8 mutants(More)
To determine whether the hepatocyte plasma membrane possesses a Ca2+ channel. we applied a patch clamp technique to isolated guinea-pig hepatocytes. In a cell-attached configuration, using an internal pipette solution of 110 mM BaCl2 or CaCl2, we observed sporadic inward single channel currents (Po = 0.004 +/- 0.002, n = 6) at various membrane potentials.(More)
The vertebrate head is characterized by unsegmented head mesoderm the evolutionary origin of which remains enigmatic. The head mesoderm is derived from the rostral part of the dorsal mesoderm, which is regionalized anteroposteriorly during gastrulation. The basal chordate amphioxus resembles vertebrates due to the presence of somites, but it lacks(More)
1. To assess the nature of the underlying mechanism of noradrenaline-induced increase of Cl- conductances in hepatocytes, macroscopic and unitary currents through noradrenaline-induced Cl- channels were examined in enzymatically isolated guinea-pig hepatocytes using whole-cell, cell-attached and excised inside-out configurations of the patch-clamp(More)
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