Toshihiro Aizawa

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Fracture healing is a unique biological process regulated by a complex array of signaling molecules and proinflammatory cytokines. Recent evidence for the role of tumor necrosis family members in the coupling of cellular functions during skeletal homeostasis suggests that they also may be involved in the regulation of skeletal repair. The expression of a(More)
UNLABELLED TNF-alpha is a major inflammatory factor that is induced in response to injury, and it contributes to the normal regulatory processes of bone resorption. The role of TNF-alpha during fracture healing was examined in wild-type and TNF-alpha receptor (p55(-/-)/p75(-/-))-deficient mice. The results show that TNF-alpha plays an important regulatory(More)
Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) induces apoptosis in a number of cell types and plays an essential role in bone remodeling, both stimulating the proliferation of osteoblasts and activating osteoclasts. During endochondral ossification, apoptosis of chondrocytes occurs concurrently with new bone formation and the resorption and replacement of(More)
This paper demonstrates that, in the mediation of light, the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) functionally associates with the anterior periventricular and parvocellular paraventricular neuron systems in rats. Intact rats (group 1) and rats undergoing a hemicomplete cutting of the SCN (group 2) were housed in a dark room (2-3 weeks) and killed after an(More)
Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) is known to mediate bone resorption; however, its role in osteogenesis has not been fully elucidated. In order to investigate the direct role of TNF-alpha signaling in the recruitment and differentiation of osteoblasts, two separate models of bone repair were used, marrow ablation and simple transverse fractures.(More)
A sensitive double antibody and heterologous enzyme immunoassay for mabuterol was established. For competitive reactions, antibody raised against diazotized mabuterol-human serum albumin was incubated with a mixture of diazotized mabuterol analog (RC-1) labeled with beta-D-galactosidase and standard or sample. Free and antibody-bound enzyme hapten were(More)
The present studies were conducted to characterize the relevance of a microsomal mixed function oxidase system to the polychlo rinated biphenyls (PCB)-induced vitamin A reduction and endogenous lipid peroxide formation in the liver of rats. And also, this study dealt with an influence of scavengers on the hepatic lipid peroxide formation stimulated by PCB.(More)
Fullerenyl radicals can be generated by addition of a free radical to a fullerene surface, by nucleophilic addition followed by one-electron oxidation, or by thermal dissociation of singly bonded fullerene dimers. However, fullerenyl radicals are usually very reactive and generally cannot be isolated. On the contrary, we have found that the reactions of the(More)
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