Toshihiko Yajima

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The immuno-pharmacological profile of a novel immunosuppressive agent, FK-506 produced by a streptomycete, is presented here. We proceeded to test the effect of the agent on various in vitro immune systems. It showed that mixed lymphocyte reaction, cytotoxic T cell generation, the production of T cell-derived soluble mediators such as interleukin 2 (IL-2),(More)
The morphology of the osteocyte changes during the cell's lifetime. Shortly after becoming buried in the matrix, an osteocyte is plump with a rich rough endoplasmic reticulum and a well-developed Golgi complex. This "immature" osteocyte reduces its number of organelles to become a "mature" osteocyte when it comes to reside deeper in the bone matrix. We(More)
PURPOSE Little is known about which urogenital nerves are liable to be injured along surgical planes in front of or behind Denonvilliers' fascia. METHODS AND RESULTS Using semiserial histology for five fixed male pelves, we demonstrated that: 1) left/right communicating branches of bilateral pelvic plexuses run immediately in front of Denonvilliers'(More)
The middle portion of Meckel’s cartilage (one of four portions that disappear with unique fate) degrades via hypertrophy and the cell death of chondrocytes and via the resorption of cartilage by chondroclasts. We have examined the immunolocalization of matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2), MMP-9, MMP-13, and MMP-14 (members of the MMP activation cascade) and(More)
Bone remodeling is a process of bone renewal accomplished by osteoclastic bone resorption and osteoblastic bone formation. These two activities are regulated by systemic hormones and by local cytokines and growth factors. Moreover, the nervous system and certain neuropeptides seem to be involved in regulation of bone remodeling. In this paper, we focus on(More)
Female perineal structures located around the perineal body were histologically examined using semiserial sections obtained from 15 elderly female cadavers. The smooth muscle content of the perineal body was greater in multiparous women. The connective tissue of the perineal body extended inferolaterally and provided a fibromuscular mass that was 10–30 mm(More)
To examine the effects of running exercise on the mandible and tibia of ovariectomized (OVX) rats, 26-week-old sham-operated (Sham) and OVX rats 1 week post-ovariectomy were subjected to non-exercise (Sham-Cont and OVX-Cont) and exercise (Sham-Exc and OVX-Exc) for 8 weeks. OVX induced a significant decrease in alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and an increase in(More)
We examined effects of local and whole body irradiation before tooth extraction on appearance and differentiation of osteoclasts in the alveolar bone of rat maxillary first molars. Wistar rats weighting 100 g were divided into three groups: non-irradiation group, local irradiation group, and whole body irradiation group. In the local irradiation group, a(More)
Degradation of Meckel's cartilage in the middle portion is accompanied by hypertrophy and death of chondrocytes, calcification of the cartilaginous matrix, and chondroclastic resorption. We hypothesize that the gelatinolytic activity of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) largely contributes to the degradation of extracellular matrix (ECM) in the process. The(More)
Osteoclast differentiation in the process of ectopic bone formation induced by recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein 2 (rhBMP-2) was examined to clarify the relationship between osteoclast development and rhBMP-2-induced bone formation. A combination of rhBMP-2 with a porous microsphere (PMS) and blood clot was implanted subcutaneously on the(More)