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Naturally arising CD25+CD4+ regulatory T cells (T(R) cells) are engaged in the maintenance of immunological self-tolerance and immune homeostasis by suppressing aberrant or excessive immune responses, such as autoimmune disease and allergy. T(R) cells specifically express the transcription factor Foxp3, a key regulator of T(R)-cell development and function.(More)
Naturally arising regulatory T (Treg) cells express the transcription factor FoxP3, which critically controls the development and function of Treg cells. FoxP3 interacts with another transcription factor Runx1 (also known as AML1). Here, we showed that Treg cell-specific deficiency of Cbfbeta, a cofactor for all Runx proteins, or that of Runx1, but not(More)
The molecular mechanisms underlying the development of pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (PanNETs) have not been well defined. We report here that the genomic region of the PHLDA3 gene undergoes loss of heterozygosity (LOH) at a remarkably high frequency in human PanNETs, and this genetic change is correlated with disease progression and poor prognosis. We(More)
Molecular diversity through alternative splicing is important for cellular function and development. However, little is known about the factors that regulate alternative splicing. Here we demonstrate that one isoform of coactivator-associated arginine methyltransferase 1 (named CARM1-v3) associates with the U1 small nuclear RNP-specific protein U1C and(More)
Transcription of the vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP) gene is regulated by cAMP. To identify the nucleotide sequences in the human VIP gene responsible for this regulation, we constructed chimeric genes containing different portions of the 5'-flanking region of the human VIP gene fused to the structural sequence encoding the bacterial reporter enzyme(More)
BACKGROUND The goal of the present study was to make our medical practice evidence-based for patients with parathyroid carcinoma. METHODS We posed six clinical questions relevant to the management of parathyroid cancer. A comprehensive search and critical appraisal of the literature was then carried out. RESULTS Most of the literature retrieved was(More)
cAMP-regulated transcription of the human vasoactive intestinal peptide gene is dependent upon a 17-base-pair DNA element located 70 base pairs upstream from the transcriptional initiation site. This element is similar to sequences in other genes known to be regulated by cAMP and to sequences in several viral enhancers. We have demonstrated that the(More)
Ghrelin is a novel brain-gut peptide that stimulates food intake and body weight gain. We studied the anabolic effect of ghrelin in a cancer cachexia mouse model. SEKI, a human melanoma cell line, was inoculated into nude mice to examine the effects of ghrelin on food intake and body weight. The intraperitoneal administration of ghrelin twice a day (6(More)
A rare case of primary hyperparathyroidism associated with primary aldosteronism and breast cancer is reported. A 44-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital to undergo surgical removal of breast cancer. She had hypertension with low serum potassium, and slightly but significantly elevated serum calcium levels. Further studies demonstrated an enlarged(More)