Toshihiko Tsukada

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Naturally arising CD25+CD4+ regulatory T cells (T(R) cells) are engaged in the maintenance of immunological self-tolerance and immune homeostasis by suppressing aberrant or excessive immune responses, such as autoimmune disease and allergy. T(R) cells specifically express the transcription factor Foxp3, a key regulator of T(R)-cell development and function.(More)
Naturally arising regulatory T (Treg) cells express the transcription factor FoxP3, which critically controls the development and function of Treg cells. FoxP3 interacts with another transcription factor Runx1 (also known as AML1). Here, we showed that Treg cell-specific deficiency of Cbfbeta, a cofactor for all Runx proteins, or that of Runx1, but not(More)
Ghrelin is a novel brain-gut peptide that stimulates food intake and body weight gain. We studied the anabolic effect of ghrelin in a cancer cachexia mouse model. SEKI, a human melanoma cell line, was inoculated into nude mice to examine the effects of ghrelin on food intake and body weight. The intraperitoneal administration of ghrelin twice a day (6(More)
The molecular mechanisms underlying the development of pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (PanNETs) have not been well defined. We report here that the genomic region of the PHLDA3 gene undergoes loss of heterozygosity (LOH) at a remarkably high frequency in human PanNETs, and this genetic change is correlated with disease progression and poor prognosis. We(More)
The goal of the present study was to make our medical practice evidence-based for patients with parathyroid carcinoma. We posed six clinical questions relevant to the management of parathyroid cancer. A comprehensive search and critical appraisal of the literature was then carried out. Most of the literature retrieved was retrospective in design and(More)
cAMP-regulated transcription of the human vasoactive intestinal peptide gene is dependent upon a 17-base-pair DNA element located 70 base pairs upstream from the transcriptional initiation site. This element is similar to sequences in other genes known to be regulated by cAMP and to sequences in several viral enhancers. We have demonstrated that the(More)
Ghrelin is a gastrointestinal peptide that stimulates food intake and growth hormone (GH) secretion. We studied the biosynthesis and secretion of ghrelin in a cancer cachexia mouse model. G361, a human melanoma cell line, was inoculated into nude mice. The body weight was reduced and the plasma concentration of interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) was markedly(More)
Molecular diversity through alternative splicing is important for cellular function and development. However, little is known about the factors that regulate alternative splicing. Here we demonstrate that one isoform of coactivator-associated arginine methyltransferase 1 (named CARM1-v3) associates with the U1 small nuclear RNP-specific protein U1C and(More)
Heterozygous germline mutations of the tumor-suppressor gene MEN1 are responsible for multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN1), a dominantly inherited familial cancer syndrome characterized by pituitary, parathyroid, and enteropancreatic tumors. Various mutations have been identified throughout the entire gene region in patients with MEN1 and related(More)