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A highly sensitive quantitative PCR detection method has been developed and applied to the distribution analysis of human intestinal bifidobacteria by combining real-time PCR with Bifidobacterium genus- and species-specific primers. Real-time PCR detection of serially diluted DNA extracted from cultured bifidobacteria was linear for cell counts ranging from(More)
An analytical system based on rRNA-targeted reverse transcription-quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR) was established for the precise evaluation of human intestinal microbiota. Group- and species-specific primer sets for Clostridium perfringens, Lactobacillus spp. (six subgroups and three species), Enterococcus spp., and Staphylococcus spp. targeting 16S rRNA gene(More)
For the detection and identification of predominant bacteria in human feces, 16S rRNA-gene-targeted group-specific primers for the Bacteroides fragilis group, Bifidobacterium, the Clostridium coccoides group, and Prevotella were designed and evaluated. The specificity of these primers was confirmed by using DNA extracted from 90 species that are commonly(More)
Complete (Ba-L) and truncated (Ba-S) forms of alpha-amylases from Bacillus subtilis X-23 were purified, and the amino- and carboxyl-terminal amino acid sequences of Ba-L and Ba-S were determined. The amino acid sequence deduced from the nucleotide sequence of the alpha-amylase gene indicated that Ba-S was produced from Ba-L by truncation of the 186 amino(More)
We used sensitive rRNA-targeted reverse transcription-quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR) to quantify the Clostridium coccoides group, which is a major anaerobic population in the human intestine. For this purpose, the C. coccoides group was classified into 3 subgroups and 19 species for expediency in accordance with the existing database, and specific primers were(More)
BACKGROUND Digital rectal examination (DRE) has been traditionally recommended to evaluate acute appendicitis, although several reports indicate its lack of utility for this diagnosis. No meta-analysis has examined DRE for diagnosis of acute appendicitis. OBJECTIVES To assess the role of DRE for diagnosis of acute appendicitis. DATA SOURCES Cochrane(More)
Background: There have been some studies of common primary care diseases in Japan, but no reports on which diseases it is difficult for general physicians to diagnose in daily practice. In this study, we identified diseases that provided a diagnostic challenge for Japanese general physicians in daily practice.
PURPOSE To compare the diagnostic accuracy of diseases predicted from patient responses to a simple questionnaire completed prior to examination by doctors with different levels of ambulatory training in general medicine. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS Before patient examination, five trained physicians, four short-term-trained residents, and four untrained(More)
OBJECTIVE Patient medical history is important for making a diagnosis of causes of dizziness, but there have been no studies on the diagnostic value of individual items in the history. This study was performed to identify and validate useful questions for suspecting a diagnosis of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV). METHODS Construction and(More)