Toshihiko Shibanuma

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Based on the X-ray structure of the complex of Ac-Tyr-Val-Ala-Asp-H (L-709049) and interleukin-1 beta converting enzyme (ICE), we synthesized compounds which were derived from 2-NapCO-Val-Pro-Asp-CH2OPh (1) to obtain a potent inhibitor in the cell assay. Among these compounds, (3S)-N-methanesulfonyl-3-[[1-[N-(2-naphthoyl)-L-valyl]-L-prolyl]amino]-(More)
In the course of our research on spiro-compounds as neurokinin receptor antagonists, N-[2-aryl-4-(spiro-substituted piperidin-1'-yl)butyl]carboxamides were designed, based on YM-35375 (3) as a lead compound, and evaluated for NK2 receptor-antagonistic activities. Some derivatives inhibited the binding of radio-labeled neurokinin A to the NK2 receptor with(More)
Analysis of the structural requirements of compound 1 (SR48968), a potent NK2 receptor antagonist, revealed that the 4-phenyl group of the piperidine is essential for binding with the NK2 receptor and occupies an equatorial position. Energy calculation of a variety of substituted 4-phenyl piperidines revealed that spiro[isobenzofuran-1(3H),4'-piperidine](More)
To discover a novel NK1-NK2 dual antagonist, we have synthesized a series of spiro-substituted piperidines utilizing YM-35375 as a lead compound, and evaluated affinities for NK1 and NK2 receptors. In the N-methylbenzamide moiety, introduction of methoxy groups increased affinity for the NK1 receptor without a significant loss of affinity for the NK2(More)
Small-angle X-ray scattering and nuclear magnetic resonance were used to investigate the structural change of calcium-bound calmodulin (Ca2+/CaM) in solution upon binding to its antagonist, N-(6-aminohexyl)-5-chloro-1-naphthalenesulfonamide (W-7). The radius of gyration was 17.4+/-0.3 A for Ca2+/CaM-W-7 with a molar ratio of 1:5 and 20.3+/-0.7 A for(More)
Preparation of cephalosporins bearing a 1,3-dithietane ring attached to the C-3 position using intramolecular rearrangement are described. The diastereoisomers (6a-I and 6a-II) were separated by silica gel column chromatography. These 3-[4-(carbamoyl carboxymethylene)-1,3-dithietane-2-yl]cephems showed comparable activity against Gram-negative bacteria to(More)
(+/-)-1-Acyl-3-(3,4-dichlorophenyl)-3-[2-(spiro-substituted piperidin-1'-yl)ethyl]piperidines and their quaternary ammonium salts were prepared and evaluated for their NK1 receptor antagonistic activity. Some of these inhibited SP-induced contraction in guinea pig ileum with IC50 values at a level of 10(-9) M and showed potent inhibitory activity against(More)
Three new series of analogues related to 3,4-dihydro-2H-1,4-benzoxazine derivative 1a were synthesized and evaluated for their potassium channel activating activity. In the first series I, where the 6,7-positions were disubstituted, it was found that an electron-withdrawing substituent was preferable at the 6 position, but either an electron-withdrawing or(More)
A series of 1,2,3,4-tetrahydroisoquinoline derivatives containing the 5,11-dihydro-6H-pyrido[2,3-b][1,4]benzodiazepin-6-one skeleton were prepared and evaluated for their in vitro binding affinities to muscarinic receptors and for antagonism of bradycardia in vivo. Among them, compound 3f had the highest affinity for M2 muscarinic receptors in the heart(More)